15 Facts About Deccan


Deccan Plateau is defined as the entire southern peninsula of India south of the Narmada River.

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Geographers have variously defined the Deccan region using indices such as rainfall, vegetation, soil type, or physical features.

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Deccan plateau is a topographically variegated region located south of the Gangetic plains -the portion lying between the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal- and includes a substantial area to the north of the Satpura Range, which has popularly been regarded as the divide between northern India and the Deccan.

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The eastern Deccan Plateau is at a lower elevation spanning the southeastern coast of India.

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Eastern Deccan plateau, called Telangana and Rayalaseema, is made of vast sheets of massive granite rock, which effectively traps rainwater.

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Large cities in the Deccan are Bangalore, the capital of Karnataka; Hyderabad, the capital of Telangana; Pune, the cultural hub of Maharashtra; Nagpur, the second capital of Maharashtra and Nashik, the wine capital of Maharashtra.

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Typically the Deccan Plateau is made up of basalt, an extrusive igneous rock, extending up to Bhor Ghat near Karjat.

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Volcanic basalt beds of the Deccan were laid down in the massive Deccan Traps eruption, which occurred towards the end of the Cretaceous period between 67 and 66 million years ago.

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The volcanic hotspot that produced the Deccan traps is hypothesized to lie under the present day island of Reunion in the Indian Ocean.

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The city of Hyderabad is an important center of the Urdu language in the Deccan; its surrounding areas host a notable population of Urdu speakers.

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Deccan produced some of the most significant dynasties in Indian history, such as the Vijayanagara Empire, the Rashtrakuta dynasty, the Chola dynasty, the Thagadur dynasty, Adhiyamans Pallavas, the Tondaiman, Satavahana dynasty, Vakataka dynasty, Kadamba dynasty, Chalukya dynasty, Yadava dynasty, Kakatiya Dynasty, Western Chalukya Empire and Maratha Empire.

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Early history, the main facts established are the growth of the Mauryan empire and after that the Deccan was ruled by the Satavahana dynasty, which protected the Deccan against the Scythian invaders, the Western Satraps.

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In 1294, Alauddin Khalji, emperor of Delhi, invaded the Deccan, stormed Devagiri, and reduced the Yadava rajas of Maharashtra to the position of tributary princes, then proceeded southward to conquer the Orugallu, Carnatic.

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The southern Deccan came under the rule of the famous Vijayanagara Empire, which reached its zenith during the reign of Emperor Krishnadevaraya.

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Deccan plateau is very rich in minerals and precious stones.

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