43 Facts About Karnataka


Karnataka is a state in the southwestern region of India.

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Karnataka is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west, Goa to the northwest, Maharashtra to the north, Telangana to the northeast, Andhra Pradesh to the east, Tamil Nadu to the southeast, and Kerala to the southwest.

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Karnataka contains some of the only villages in India where Sanskrit is primarily spoken.

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Karnataka has contributed significantly to both forms of Indian classical music, the Carnatic and Hindustani traditions.

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Karnataka has the nineteenth-highest ranking among Indian states in Human Development Index.

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Karnataka's pre-history goes back to a paleolithic hand-axe culture evidenced by discoveries of, among other things, hand axes and cleavers in the region.

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Gold discovered in Harappa was found to be imported from mines in Karnataka, prompting scholars to hypothesise about contacts between ancient Karnataka and the Indus Valley civilisation ca.

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Parts of modern-day Southern Karnataka were occupied by the Chola Empire at the turn of the 11th century.

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The highest point in Karnataka is the Mullayanagiri hills in Chikmagalur district which has an altitude of 1, 925 metres.

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Agumbe in Thirthahalli taluka and Hulikal of Hosanagara taluka in Shimoga district were the rainiest cities in Karnataka, situated in one of the wettest regions in the world.

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Agriculture in Karnataka is mostly rainfed as opposed to irrigated, making it highly vulnerable to expected changes in the monsoon.

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Karnataka has established a modicum of public health services having a better record of health care and child care than most other states of India.

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Karnataka has a parliamentary system of government with two democratically elected houses, the Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council.

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Government of Karnataka is headed by the Chief Minister who is chosen by the ruling party members of the Legislative Assembly.

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Politics in Karnataka has been dominated by three political parties, the Indian National Congress, the Janata Dal and the Bharatiya Janata Party.

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Politicians from Karnataka have played prominent roles in federal government of India with some of them having held the high positions of Prime Minister and Vice-President.

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Karnataka is the manufacturing hub for some of the largest public sector industries in India, including Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, National Aerospace Laboratories, Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, Bharat Earth Movers Limited and HMT, which are based in Bangalore.

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Since the 1980s, Karnataka has emerged as the pan-Indian leader in the field of IT.

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In March 2002, Karnataka had 4767 branches of different banks with each branch serving 11, 000 persons, which is lower than the national average of 16, 000.

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Karnataka has airports at Bangalore, Mangalore, Belgaum, Hubli, Hampi, Bellary, Gulbarga, and Mysore with international operations from Bangalore and Mangalore airports.

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Karnataka has a railway network with a total length of approximately 3, 089 kilometres.

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Karnataka has 11 ports, including the New Mangalore Port, a major port and ten minor ports, of which three were operational in 2012.

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Diverse linguistic and religious ethnicities that are native to Karnataka, combined with their long histories, have contributed immensely to the varied cultural heritage of the state.

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Chitrakala Parishat is an organisation in Karnataka dedicated to promoting painting, mainly in the Mysore painting style.

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Adi Shankaracharya chose Sringeri in Karnataka to establish the first of his four mathas (monastery).

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Karnataka was a pioneer in many ways, going against standard conventions and norms.

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Karnataka first lived in Tondanur and then moved to Melkote where the Cheluvanarayana Swamy Temple and a well-organised matha were built.

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In March 2006, Karnataka had 54, 529 primary schools with 252, 875 teachers and 8.

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On 9 February 2022, Karnataka shut its schools for three days after the regional administration-backed schools imposed a hijab ban, leading to widespread protests and violence.

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Presently The Times of India and Vijaya Karnataka are the largest-selling English and Kannada newspapers respectively.

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Karnataka occupies a special place in the history of Indian radio.

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These two programs became so popular that they were translated and broadcast in 18 different languages and the entire series was recorded on cassettes by the Government of Karnataka and distributed to thousands of schools across the state.

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Karnataka has witnessed a growth in FM radio channels, mainly in the cities of Bangalore, Mangalore and Mysore, which has become hugely popular.

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Karnataka's smallest district, Kodagu, is a major contributor to Indian field hockey, producing numerous players who have represented India at the international level.

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Karnataka has been referred to as the cradle of Indian swimming because of its high standards in comparison to other states.

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The Karnataka Premier League is an inter-regional Twenty20 cricket tournament played in the state.

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Many regions of Karnataka are as yet unexplored, so new species of flora and fauna are found periodically.

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Karnataka has five national parks: Anshi, Bandipur, Bannerghatta, Kudremukh and Nagarhole.

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Wild animals that are found in Karnataka include the elephant, the tiger, the leopard, the gaur, the sambar deer, the chital or spotted deer, the muntjac, the bonnet macaque, the slender loris, the common palm civet, the small Indian civet, the sloth bear, the dhole, the striped hyena, the Bengal fox and the golden jackal.

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Wildlife in Karnataka is threatened by poaching, habitat destruction, human-wildlife conflict and pollution.

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Karnataka has been ranked as the fourth most popular destination for tourism among the states of India.

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Karnataka has the second highest number of nationally protected monuments in India, second only to Uttar Pradesh, in addition to 752 monuments protected by the State Directorate of Archaeology and Museums.

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Karnataka has become a center of health care tourism and has the highest number of approved health systems and alternative therapies in India.

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