17 Facts About Bombay Presidency


Bombay Presidency or Bombay Province, called Bombay and Sind, was an administrative subdivision of British India, with its capital in the city that came up over the seven islands of Bombay.

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At its greatest extent, the Bombay Presidency Province comprised the present-day state of Gujarat, the western two-thirds of Maharashtra state, including the regions of Konkan, Desh, and Kandesh, and northwestern Karnataka state of India; it included Pakistan's Sindh Province and Aden in Yemen.

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In 1661 Bombay Presidency was ceded to the Kingdom of England as part of the dowry of the infanta Catherine of Braganza on her marriage to King Charles II.

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In 1687, Bombay Presidency was made the headquarters of all the East India Company's possessions in India.

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The first conflict between the British and the Marathas was the First Anglo-Maratha War which began in 1774 and resulted in the 1782 Treaty of Salbai, by which the island of Salsette, adjacent to Bombay Presidency island, was ceded to the British, while Bharuch was ceded to the Maratha ruler Scindia.

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In 1803, the Bombay Presidency included only Salsette, the islands of the harbour, Surat and Bankot ; but between this date and 1827 the framework of the presidency took shape.

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Bombay Presidency's policy was to rule as far as possible on native lines, avoiding all changes for which the population was not yet ripe; but the grosser abuses of the old regime were stopped, the country was pacified, the laws were codified, and courts and schools were established.

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In 1932, Aden was separated from Bombay Presidency and made a separate province, and Sindh became a separate province on 1 April 1936.

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The Bombay Presidency became the Bombay State when India was granted independence on 15 August 1947 and Kher continued as the Chief Minister of the state, serving until 1952.

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Bombay Presidency was bounded on the north by Baluchistan, the Punjab and Rajputana; on the east by Indore, the Central Provinces and Hyderabad; on the south by Madras Presidency and the Kingdom of Mysore; and on the west by the Arabian Sea.

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Government of Bombay Presidency was administered by a Governor-in-Council, consisting of the Governor as president and two ordinary members.

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The administration of justice throughout the Presidency was conducted by a High Court at Bombay, consisting of a chief justice and seven puisne judges, along with district and assistant judges throughout the districts of the Presidency.

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The Bombay Presidency Army consisted of a number of infantry regiments, sapper and miner units and irregular cavalry.

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Under Lord Kitchener's re-arrangement of the Indian army in 1904 the old Bombay Presidency command was abolished and its place was taken by the Western army corps under a lieutenant-general.

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In Khandesh the indigenous plant from which one of the lowest classes of cotton in the Bombay Presidency market takes its name has been almost entirely superseded by the superior Hinganghat variety.

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University of Bombay Presidency was established in 1857, and had an administration consisting of a chancellor, vice-chancellor and fellows.

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The native states under the "supervision" of the government of Bombay Presidency were divided, historically and geographically, into two main groups.

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