33 Facts About Sindh


Economy of Sindh is the second-largest in Pakistan after the province of Punjab; its provincial capital of Karachi is the most populous city in the country as well as its main financial hub.

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Sindh is home to a large portion of Pakistan's industrial sector and contains two of the country's busiest commercial seaports: Port Qasim and the Port of Karachi.

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Sindh is prominent for its history during the Bronze Age under the Indus Valley civilization, and is home to two UNESCO-designated World Heritage Sites: the Makli Necropolis and Mohenjo-daro.

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Sindh's first known village settlements date as far back as 7000 BC.

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Sindh was the centre of the Indus Valley civilisation, which rivaled the contemporary civilizations of Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia in size and scope, numbering nearly half a million inhabitants at its height with well-planned grid cities and sewer systems.

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Sindh finds mention in the Indian epic Mahabharata as being part of Bharatvarsha.

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Sindh was conquered by the Persian Achaemenid Empire in the sixth century BC.

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The new governor of Sindh was to create a better, stronger and stable government.

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Some parts of Sindh still remained under the Sultans of Delhi and the ruthless Arghuns and the Tarkhans sacked Thatta during the rule of Jam Ferozudin.

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Shah Jahan carved a subah, covering Sindh, called Thatta after its capital, out of Multan, further bordering on the Ajmer and Gujarat subahs as well as the rival Persian Safavid empire.

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Sindh was home to several wealthy merchant-rulers such as Mir Bejar of Sindh, whose great wealth had attracted the close ties with the Sultan bin Ahmad of Oman.

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From 1752 to 1762, Marathas collected Chauth or tributes from Sindh, and was administered by 10,000 marathas Maratha power was decimated in the entire region after the Third Battle of Panipat in 1761.

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In 1762, Mian Ghulam Shah Kalhoro brought stability in Sindh, he reorganized and killed all the Marathas and their prominent vassal the Rao of Kuch in the Thar Desert with the help of Durrani empire.

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In 1783 a firman which designated Mir Fateh Ali Khan Talpur as the new Nawab of Sindh, and mediated peace particularly after the Battle of Halani and the defeat of the ruling Kalhora by the Talpur Baloch tribes.

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When Sindh joined Pakistan in 1947 it comprised three polities: Karachi, Sind Province and Khairpur, in 1955 when One Unit Policy was implemented all of these 3 polities merged to form West Pakistan however in 1970 when One Unit Policy was abolished a single, united province of Sindh came into being with Karachi as its capital.

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Sindh has the second highest Human Development Index out of all of Pakistan's provinces at 0.

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Islam in Sindh has a long history, starting with the capture of Sindh by Muhammad Bin Qasim in 712 CE.

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Islam in Sindh has a strong Sufi ethos with numerous Muslim saints and mystics, such as the Sufi poet Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai, having lived in Sindh historically.

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One popular legend which highlights the strong Sufi presence in Sindh is that 125,000 Sufi saints and mystics are buried on Makli Hill near Thatta.

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The development of Sufism in Sindh was similar to the development of Sufism in other parts of the Muslim world.

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Sindh has Pakistan's highest percentage of Hindu overall, which accounts 8.

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Sindh is the only province in Pakistan to have a separate law for governing Hindu marriages.

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Sindh is in the western corner of South Asia, bordering the Iranian plateau in the west.

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Sindh is bounded by the Thar Desert to the east, the Kirthar Mountains to the west and the Arabian Sea and Rann of Kutch to the south.

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Sindh is divided into three climatic regions: Siro, Wicholo, and Lar.

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Lower Sindh has a damper and humid maritime climate affected by the southwestern winds in summer and northeastern winds in winter, with lower rainfall than Central Sindh.

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The administrative boss of the province who is in charge of the bureaucracy is the Chief Secretary Sindh, who is appointed by the Prime Minister of Pakistan.

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Currently the Sindh government is planning to divide the Tharparkar district into Tharparkar and Chhachro district.

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In Sindh, talukas are equivalent to the tehsils used elsewhere in the country, supervisory tapas correspond with the kanungo circles used elsewhere, tapas correspond with the patwar circles used in other provinces, and dehs are equivalent to the mouzas used elsewhere.

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Economy of Sindh is the 2nd largest of all the provinces in Pakistan.

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Much of Sindh's economy is influenced by the economy of Karachi, the largest city and economic capital of the country.

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Sindh remarkably has a high GDP per capita was $1,400 in 2010 which is three times that of the rest of the nation or 1.

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Sindh has a rich heritage of traditional handicraft that has evolved over the centuries.

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