29 Facts About Achaemenid Empire


Achaemenid Empire is well-known for having imposed a successful model of centralized, bureaucratic administration; its multicultural policy; building infrastructure, such as road systems and a postal system; the use of an official language across its territories; and the development of civil services, including its possession of a large, professional army.

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Achaemenid Empire is credited with freeing the people of Judah from their exile and with authorizing the reconstruction of much of Jerusalem, including the Second Temple.

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Achaemenid Empire was succeeded by his eldest son Cambyses II, while his younger son Bardiya received a large territory in Central Asia.

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Achaemenid Empire was soundly defeated by the Persians in the Battle of Pelusium before fleeing to Memphis, where the Persians defeated him and took him prisoner.

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Achaemenid Empire says that these actions led to a madness that caused him to kill his brother Bardiya, his own sister-wife and Croesus of Lydia.

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Achaemenid Empire then concludes that Cambyses completely lost his mind, and all later classical authors repeat the themes of Cambyses' impiety and madness.

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The subjugation of Macedonia was part of Persian military operations initiated by Darius the Great in 513—after immense preparations—a huge Achaemenid Empire army invaded the Balkans and tried to defeat the European Scythians roaming to the north of the Danube river.

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Achaemenid Empire organized a massive invasion aiming to conquer Greece.

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Achaemenid Empire's army entered Greece from the north in the spring of 480 BC, meeting little or no resistance through Macedonia and Thessaly, but was delayed by a small Greek force for three days at Thermopylae.

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Achaemenid Empire reigned for six months and fifteen days before being captured by his half-brother, Ochus, who had rebelled against him.

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Achaemenid Empire's death gave an Egyptian rebel named Amyrtaeus the opportunity to throw off Persian control over Egypt.

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However, six centuries later Ardeshir I, founder of the Sasanian Achaemenid Empire, would consider himself Artaxerxes' successor, a grand testimony to the importance of Artaxerxes to the Persian psyche.

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Achaemenid Empire divided these troops into three bodies, and placed at the head of each a Persian and a Greek.

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Achaemenid Empire then returned to his capital having successfully completed his invasion of Egypt.

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Bagoas went back to the Persian capital with Artaxerxes, where he took a leading role in the internal administration of the Achaemenid Empire and maintained tranquillity throughout the rest of the Achaemenid Empire.

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Part of the cause of the Achaemenid Empire's decline had been the heavy tax burden put upon the state, which eventually led to economic decline.

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India was clearly already fabled for its gold; Egypt was known for the wealth of its crops; it was to be the granary of the Persian Achaemenid Empire and was required to provide 120, 000 measures of grain in addition to 700 talents of silver.

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Achaemenid Empire claimed that the unit's name stemmed from the custom that every killed, seriously wounded, or sick member was immediately replaced with a new one, maintaining the numbers and cohesion of the unit.

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At first the ships were built in Sidon by the Phoenicians; the first Achaemenid Empire ships measured about 40 meters in length and 6 meters in width, able to transport up to 300 Persian troops at any one trip.

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Achaemenid Empire navy established bases located along the Karun, and in Bahrain, Oman, and Yemen.

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Construction material of choice was wood, but some armoured Achaemenid Empire ships had metallic blades on the front, often meant to slice enemy ships using the ship's momentum.

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Frye reclassifies Imperial Aramaic as the lingua franca of the Achaemenid Empire territories, suggesting then that the Achaemenid Empire-era use of Aramaic was more pervasive than generally thought.

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Achaemenid Empire observed that the Persians drank wine in large quantities and used it even for counsel, deliberating on important affairs when drunk, and deciding the next day, when sober, whether to act on the decision or set it aside.

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Position of women in the Achaemenid Empire differed depending on which culture they belonged to and therefore varied depending on the region.

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Royal and aristocratic Achaemenid Empire women were given an education in subjects that did not appear compatible with seclusions, such as horsemanship and archery.

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Achaemenid Empire architecture included large cities, temples, palaces, and mausoleums such as the tomb of Cyrus the Great.

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Achaemenid Empire left a lasting impression on the heritage and cultural identity of Asia, Europe, and the Middle East, and influenced the development and structure of future empires.

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The Achaemenid Empire is noted in Western history as the antagonist of the Greek city-states during the Greco-Persian Wars and for the emancipation of the Jewish exiles in Babylon.

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Persian Achaemenid Empire is an empire in the modern sense—like that which existed in Germany, and the great imperial realm under the sway of Napoleon; for we find it consisting of a number of states, which are indeed dependent, but which have retained their own individuality, their manners, and laws.

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