10 Facts About Imperial Aramaic


Imperial Aramaic is a linguistic term, coined by modern scholars in order to designate a specific historical variety of Aramaic language.

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Term "Imperial Aramaic" was first coined by Josef Markwart in 1927, calling the language by the German name.

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One of the most extensive collections of texts written in Imperial Aramaic is the Fortification Tablets of Persepolis, of which there are about five hundred.

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The leather parchment contains texts written in Imperial Aramaic, reflecting the use of the language for Achaemenid administrative purposes during the fourth century in regions such as Bactria and Sogdia.

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Evolution of alphabets from the Mediterranean region is commonly split into two major divisions: the Phoenician-derived alphabets of the West, including the Mediterranean region, and the Imperial Aramaic-derived alphabets of the East, including the Levant, Persia, Central Asia, and the Indian subcontinent.

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Orthography of Imperial Aramaic was based more on its own historical roots than on any spoken dialect, leading to a high standardization of the language across the expanse of the Achaemenid Empire.

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In remote regions, the cursive versions of Imperial Aramaic evolved into the creation of the Syriac, Palmyrene and Mandaic alphabets, which themselves formed the basis of many historical Central Asian scripts, such as the Sogdian and Mongolian alphabets.

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Late Old Western Imperial Aramaic, known as Jewish Old Palestinian, is a well-attested language used by the communities of Judea, probably originating in the area of Caesarea Philippi.

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The standardized cursive and Imperial Aramaic-derived Nabataean alphabet became the standardized form of writing Arabic for the Arabian peninsula, evolving on its own into the alphabet of Arabic by the time of spread of Islam centuries later.

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Imperial Aramaic is a Unicode block containing characters for writing Aramaic during the Achaemenid Persian Empires.

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