36 Facts About Maurya Empire


Maurya Empire, or the Mauryan Empire, was a geographically extensive Iron Age historical power in South Asia based in Magadha, having been founded by Chandragupta Maurya in 322 BCE, and existing in loose-knit fashion until 185 BCE.

FactSnippet No. 613,255

The Maurya Empire was centralized by the conquest of the Indo-Gangetic Plain, and its capital city was located at Pataliputra.

FactSnippet No. 613,256

The Mauryan Empire then defeated Seleucus I, a diadochus and founder of the Seleucid Empire, during the Seleucid–Mauryan war, thus acquiring territory west of the Indus River.

FactSnippet No. 613,257

The Maurya Empire dynasty built a precursor of the Grand Trunk Road from Patliputra to Taxila.

FactSnippet No. 613,258

Some later authors, such as Dhundiraja and an annotator of the Vishnu Purana, state that the word "Maurya Empire" is derived from Mura and the mother of the first Maurya Empire king.

FactSnippet No. 613,259

The Nanda Maurya Empire was a large, militaristic, and economically powerful empire due to conquering the Mahajanapadas.

FactSnippet No. 613,260

Maurya Empire had to flee in order to save his life and went to Taxila, a notable center of learning, to work as a teacher.

FactSnippet No. 613,261

Maurya Empire was impressed by the young Chandragupta and saw royal qualities in him as someone fit to rule.

FactSnippet No. 613,262

Maurya Empire's army mutinied at the Beas River and refused to advance further eastward when confronted by another army.

FactSnippet No. 613,263

Maurya Empire was established in the Magadha region under the leadership of Chandragupta Maurya and his mentor Chanakya.

FactSnippet No. 613,264

Maurya Empire then refined his strategy by establishing garrisons in the conquered territories, and finally besieged the Nanda capital Pataliputra.

FactSnippet No. 613,265

In later years, Seleucus' successors maintained diplomatic relations with the Maurya Empire based on similar accounts from returning travellers.

FactSnippet No. 613,266

Maurya Empire had a Greek ambassador at his court, named Deimachus.

FactSnippet No. 613,267

Maurya Empire is said to have lived as an ascetic at Shravanabelagola for several years before fasting to death, as per the Jain practice of sallekhana.

FactSnippet No. 613,268

Maurya Empire is attested by the Buddhist texts such as Dipavamsa and Mahavamsa; the Jain texts such as Parishishta-Parvan; as well as the Hindu texts such as Vishnu Purana ("Vindusara").

FactSnippet No. 613,269

Maurya Empire brought sixteen states under the Mauryan Empire and thus conquered almost all of the Indian peninsula.

FactSnippet No. 613,270

Maurya Empire sent out missionaries to travel around Asia and spread Buddhism to other countries.

FactSnippet No. 613,271

Maurya Empire undertook a massive public works building campaign across the country.

FactSnippet No. 613,272

Maurya Empire remains an idealized figure of inspiration in modern India.

FactSnippet No. 613,273

Maurya Empire was succeeded by Dasharatha Maurya, who was Ashoka's grandson.

FactSnippet No. 613,274

Kunala Maurya Empire was blind and hence couldn't ascend to the throne; and Tivala, son of Kaurwaki, died even earlier than Ashoka.

FactSnippet No. 613,275

Maurya Empire lost many territories under Dasharatha, which were later reconquered by Samprati, Kunala's son.

FactSnippet No. 613,276

In 180 BCE, Brihadratha Maurya Empire, was killed by his general Pushyamitra Shunga in a military parade without any heir.

FactSnippet No. 613,277

Maurya Empire was divided into four provinces, with the imperial capital at Pataliputra.

FactSnippet No. 613,278

Chandragupta Maurya Empire established a single currency across India, and a network of regional governors and administrators and a civil service provided justice and security for merchants, farmers and traders.

FactSnippet No. 613,279

In many ways, the economic situation in the Mauryan Empire is analogous to the Roman Empire of several centuries later.

FactSnippet No. 613,280

Chandragupta Maurya Empire followed Jainism after retiring, when he renounced his throne and material possessions to join a wandering group of Jain monks.

FactSnippet No. 613,281

Maurya Empire is believed to have built as many as 84, 000 stupas across India, such as Sanchi and Mahabodhi Temple, and he increased the popularity of Buddhism in Afghanistan, Thailand and North Asia including Siberia.

FactSnippet No. 613,282

Greatest monument of this period, executed in the reign of Chandragupta Maurya Empire, was the old palace at Paliputra, modern Kumhrar in Patna.

FactSnippet No. 613,283

Protection of animals in India was advocated by the time of the Maurya dynasty; being the first empire to provide a unified political entity in India, the attitude of the Mauryas towards forests, their denizens, and fauna in general is of interest.

FactSnippet No. 613,284

Maurya Empire was the first ruler in history to advocate conservation measures for wildlife and even had rules inscribed in stone edicts.

FactSnippet No. 613,285

Plutarch reports that Chandragupta Maurya Empire met with Alexander the Great, probably around Taxila in the northwest:.

FactSnippet No. 613,286

Maurya Empire crossed the Indus and waged war with Sandrocottus [Maurya], king of the Indians, who dwelt on the banks of that stream, until they came to an understanding with each other and contracted a marriage relationship.

FactSnippet No. 613,287

Maurya Empire's name is mentioned in the list of Mauryan princes, and in the list of the Yadava dynasty, as a descendant of Pradyumna.

FactSnippet No. 613,288

Maurya Empire ruled an area south of the Hindu Kush, possibly in Gandhara.

FactSnippet No. 613,289

Maurya Empire crossed the Caucasus and descended into India; renewed his friendship with Sophagasenus the king of the Indians; received more elephants, until he had a hundred and fifty altogether; and having once more provisioned his troops, set out again personally with his army: leaving Androsthenes of Cyzicus the duty of taking home the treasure which this king had agreed to hand over to him.

FactSnippet No. 613,290