72 Facts About Seleucus I


Seleucus I Nicator was a Macedonian Greek general who was an officer and successor of Alexander the Great.

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At the Partition of Triparadisus in 321 BC, Seleucus I was appointed Satrap of Babylon under the new regent Antipater.

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Seleucus I was only able to return to Babylon in 312 BC with the support of Ptolemy.

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From 312 BC, Seleucus I ruthlessly expanded his dominions and eventually conquered the Persian and Median lands.

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Seleucus I ruled not only Babylonia, but the entire enormous eastern part of Alexander's empire.

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Seleucus I further made claim to the former satraps in Gandhara and in eastern India.

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However, Seleucus I hoped to take control of Lysimachus' European territories, primarily Thrace and Macedon itself.

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The assassination of Seleucus I destroyed Seleucid prospects in Thrace and Macedon, and paved the way for Ptolemy Ceraunus to absorb much of Lysimachus' former power in Macedon.

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Seleucus I was succeeded by his son Antiochus I as ruler of the Seleucid Empire.

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Seleucus I' mother was supposedly called Laodice, but nothing else is known of her.

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Seleucus I was born in Europos, located in the northern part of Macedonia.

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Appianus tells us Seleucus I was 73 years old during the battle, which means 354 BC would be the year of birth.

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John Malalas tells us Seleucus I had a sister called Didymeia, who had sons called Nicanor and Nicomedes.

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At the great marriage ceremony at Susa in the spring of 324 BC, Seleucus I married Apama, daughter of Spitamenes, and she bore him his eldest son and successor Antiochus I Soter, at least two legitimate daughters and possibly another son .

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Seleucus I participated in a sailing trip near Babylon, took part in the dinner party of Medeios the Thessalian with Alexander and visited the temple of the god Serapis.

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Seleucus I was chosen to command the Companion cavalry and appointed first or court chiliarch, which made him the senior officer in the Royal Army after the regent and commander-in-chief Perdiccas.

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Cornelius Nepos mentions that Seleucus I took part in this conspiracy, but this is not certain.

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Seleucus I' Babylon was surrounded by Peucestas, the satrap of Persis; Antigenes, the new satrap of Susiana and Peithon of Media.

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Just like Peithon and Seleucus I, Eumenes was one of the former supporters of Perdiccas.

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Seleucus I won over the priests with monetary gifts and bribes.

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Seleucus I escaped to Media, but his opponents did not follow him and rather returned to Susiana.

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Seleucus I sent two triremes and some smaller ships to stop the crossing.

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Seleucus I tried to get the former hypasiti of the Argyraspides to join him, but this did not happen.

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Seleucus I opened the flood barriers of the river, but the resulting flood did not stop Eumenes.

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Seleucus I left Seleucus with a small number of troops to prevent Eumenes from reaching the Mediterranean.

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Seleucus I punished one of Antigonus' officers without asking permission from Antigonus.

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Antigonus became angry and demanded that Seleucus I give him the income from the province, which Seleucus I refused to do.

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Seleucus I was afraid of Antigonus and fled to Egypt with 50 horsemen.

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Seleucus I's held great respect among the Macedonian army but lost some of this when she had Philip III and his wife Eurydice killed as well as many nobles whom she took revenge upon for supporting Antipater during his long reign.

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Seleucus I acted as an admiral to Ptolemy during the first phase of the war.

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Antigonus was besieging Tyre, when Seleucus I sailed past him and went on to threaten the coast of Syria and Asia Minor.

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Seleucus I had his friends accompanying him, perhaps the same 50 who escaped with him from Babylon.

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Seleucus I conquered Babylon with great speed and the fortress was quickly captured.

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Seleucus I hid his armies in the marshes that surrounded the area where Nicanor was planning to cross the Tigris and made a surprise attack during the night.

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Seleucus I did not know when Antigonus would begin his counterattack.

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Seleucus I spread different stories among the provinces and the soldiers.

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Antigonus, who had been in Asia Minor while Seleucus I had been in the east with Alexander, could not use Alexander in his own propaganda.

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Seleucus I, being Macedonian, had the ability to gain the trust of the Macedonians among his troops, which was not the case with Eumenes.

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Diodorus Siculus reports that Seleucus I conquered other nearby areas, which might refer to Persis, Aria or Parthia.

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Antigonus did not know Seleucus I had conquered the majority of the eastern provinces and perhaps cared little about the eastern parts of the empire.

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Seleucus I, thus, did not need to garrison the area to keep the locals from revolting.

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Seleucus I's plans were disturbed by Ptolemy, who made a surprise attack in Cilicia.

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We do know that Seleucus I defeated Antigonus in at least one decisive battle.

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Seleucus I ordered his forces to sleep and eat breakfast in battle formation.

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Shortly before dawn, Seleucus I' troops attacked the forces of Antigonus, who were still without their weapons and in disarray and thus easily defeated.

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Antigonus built a series of fortresses along the Balikh River while Seleucus I built a few cities, including Dura-Europos and Nisibis.

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Seleucus I made Seleucia his new capital, thus imitating Lysimachus, Cassander and Antigonus, all of whom had named cities after themselves.

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Babylon was left in the shadow of Seleucia, and the story goes that Antiochus, the son of Seleucus I, moved the whole population of Babylon to his father's namesake capital in 275 BC.

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Story of the founding of the city goes as follows: Seleucus I asked the Babylonian priests which day would be best to found the city.

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Seleucus I began a campaign against Chandragupta and crossed the Indus.

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The 500 war elephants Seleucus I obtained from Chandragupta were to play a key role in the forthcoming battles, particularly at Ipsus against Antigonus and Demetrius.

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Alexander [III 'the Great' of Macedon] took these away from the Arians and established settlements of his own, but Seleucus I Nicator gave them to Sandrocottus [Chandragupta], upon terms of intermarriage and of receiving in exchange five hundred elephants.

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From this, it seems that Seleucus I surrendered the easternmost provinces of Arachosia, Gedrosia, Paropamisadae and perhaps Aria.

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Some authors say that the argument relating to Seleucus I handing over more of what is southern Afghanistan is an exaggeration originating in a statement by Pliny the Elder referring not specifically to the lands received by Chandragupta, but rather to the various opinions of geographers regarding the definition of the word "India":.

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Seleucus I obtained knowledge of most of northern India, as explained by Pliny the Elder through his numerous embassies to the Mauryan Empire:.

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Seleucus I apparently minted coins during his stay in India, as several coins in his name are in the Indian standard and have been excavated in India.

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War elephants Seleucus I received from Chandragupta proved to be useful when the Diadochi finally decided to deal with Antigonus.

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Seleucus I understood Syria to encompass the region from the Taurus mountains to Sinai, but Ptolemy had already conquered Palestine and Phoenicia.

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In 299 BC, Seleucus I allied with Demetrius and married his daughter Stratonice.

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Seleucus I's strength was in his war elephants and in traditional Persian cavalry.

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Seleucus I nominated his son Antiochus I as his co-ruler and viceroy of the eastern provinces in 292 BC, the vast extent of the empire seeming to require a double government.

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Seleucus I reportedly instigated the marriage after discovering that his son was in danger of dying of love sickness.

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Seleucus I was thus able to get Stratonice out of the way, as her father Demetrius had now become king of Macedonia.

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Seleucus I blocked the roads leading south from Cilicia and urged Demetrius' troops to join his side.

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Seleucus I showed himself in front of the soldiers and removed his helmet, revealing his identity.

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Seleucus I then invaded Asia Minor and defeated his rival in the Battle of Corupedium in Lydia, 281 BC.

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Seleucus I was thus now the only living contemporary of Alexander.

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When Seleucus I left for Europe, the organizational rearrangement of Asia Minor had not been completed.

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Seleucus I now held the whole of Alexander's conquests except Egypt and moved to take possession of Macedonia and Thrace.

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Seleucus I intended to leave Asia to Antiochus and content himself for the remainder of his days with the Macedonian kingdom in its old limits.

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Seleucus I had already prepared this campaign using the numerous gifts presented to him.

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Clearer evidence that the city considered Seleucus to be its founder come from a fragmentary papyrus document, P Dura 32, which designates Dura-Europos as "the colony of the Europeans of Seleucs Nicator".

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