16 Facts About Macedon


The assertion that the Argeads descended from Temenus was accepted by the Hellanodikai authorities of the Ancient Olympic Games, permitting Alexander I of Macedon to enter the competitions owing to his perceived Greek heritage.

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Macedon achieved these by bribing the Thracians and their Paeonian allies and establishing a treaty with Athens that relinquished his claims to Amphipolis.

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Macedon was able to make peace with the Illyrians who had threatened his borders.

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Macedon was accompanied in exile by his family and by his mercenary general Memnon of Rhodes.

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Macedon was then chiefly responsible for the formation of the League of Corinth that included the major Greek city-states except Sparta.

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Macedon then married Stateira II, eldest daughter of DariusIII, and Parysatis II, youngest daughter of Artaxerxes III, at the Susa weddings in 324BC.

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Macedon then restored the Argead dynastic graves at Aigai and annexed the Kingdom of Paeonia.

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Philip V of Macedon faced immediate challenges to his authority by the Illyrian Dardani and Aetolian League.

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Macedon's promise was delayed by negotiations with the Spartan king Nabis, who had meanwhile captured Argos, yet Roman forces evacuated Greece in 194BC.

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Perseus of Macedon succeeded PhilipV and executed his brother Demetrius, who had been favored by the Romans but was charged by Perseus with high treason.

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The direct line of father-to-son succession was broken after the assassination of Orestes of Macedon in 396BC, clouding the issue of whether primogeniture was the established custom or if there was a constitutional right for an assembly of the army or of the people to choose another king.

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Macedon's infantry wielded peltai shields that replaced the earlier aspis-style shields, were equipped with protective helmets, greaves, and either cuirasses breastplates or kotthybos stomach bands, and armed with sarissa pikes and daggers as secondary weapons.

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Macedon hired engineers such as Polyidus of Thessaly and Diades of Pella, who were capable of building state of the art siege engines and artillery that fired large bolts.

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Macedon was especially fond of the plays by Classical Athenian tragedians Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, whose works formed part of a proper Greek education for his new eastern subjects alongside studies in the Greek language, including the epics of Homer.

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Macedon's honored guests included the painter Zeuxis, the architect Callimachus, the poets Choerilus of Samos, Timotheus of Miletus, and Agathon, as well as the famous Athenian playwright Euripides.

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Philip V of Macedon had manuscripts of the history of PhilipII written by Theopompus gathered by his court scholars and disseminated with further copies.

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