18 Facts About Samos


Samos is a Greek island in the eastern Aegean Sea, south of Chios, north of Patmos and the Dodecanese, and off the coast of western Turkey, from which it is separated by the 1.

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Samos is home to many species including the golden jackal, stone marten, wild boar, flamingos and monk seal.

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Samos has a Mediterranean climate, with mild winters and hot summers.

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At the time of the great migrations, it received an Ionian population which traced its origin to Epidaurus in Argolis: Samos became one of the twelve members of the Ionian League.

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Samos was able to become so prominent despite the growing power of the Persian empire because of the alliance they had with the Egyptians and their powerful fleet.

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The result of this conflict was to confirm the supremacy of the Milesians in eastern waters for the time being; but in the 6th century, the insular position of Samos preserved it from those aggressions at the hands of Asiatic kings to which Miletus was henceforth exposed.

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Samos was punished, but Thucydides tells readers not as harshly as other states which rebelled against Athens.

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Vases of Samos were among the most characteristic products of Ionian pottery in the 6th century.

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Some time, Samos served as a base for the Egyptian fleet of the Ptolemies; at other periods, it recognized the overlordship of Seleucid Syria.

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Nevertheless, Samos remained comparatively flourishing and was able to contest with Smyrna and Ephesus the title "first city of lonia"; it was chiefly noted as a health resort and for the manufacture of pottery.

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Under Ottoman rule, Samos came under the administration of the Kapudan Pashas Eyalet of the Archipelago, usually as part of the Sanjak of Rhodes rather than as a distinct province.

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Samians refused to accept their re-subordination to the Sultan, and Logothetis declared Samos to be an independent state, governed as before under the provisions of the 1821 constitution.

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Finally, due to the pressure of the Great Powers, Samos was declared an autonomous, tributary principality under Ottoman suzerainty.

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In 1834, the island of Samos became the territory of the Principality of Samos, a semi-independent state tributary to Ottoman Turkey, paying the annual sum of £2, 700.

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Samos was briefly taken over by the Sacred Band and British forces, but following the Allied defeat in the Battle of Leros and a fierce aerial bombardment of Vathy and Tigani, the island was abandoned by most of the ELAS members, the anti-fascist Italians and the Allied troops and taken over by Germans without a fight.

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Samos recorded two deaths with some churches and buildings in Ano Vathy and Karlovasi damaged, however, neighbouring Turkey suffered 117 deaths.

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Between the 2011 Kallikratis government reform and 2019, there was one single municipality on the island: Samos, created out of the 4 former municipalities on the island.

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Samos has a sister town called Samo, which is located in Calabria, Italy.

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