52 Facts About Egyptians


Egyptians are an ethnic group originating from the country of Egypt.

FactSnippet No. 811,331

Daily language of the Egyptians is a continuum of the local varieties of Arabic; the most famous dialect is known as Egyptian Arabic or Masri.

FactSnippet No. 811,332

Additionally, a sizable minority of Egyptians living in Upper Egypt speak Sa'idi Arabic, a mix between the Sahidic Coptic dialect and Arabic.

FactSnippet No. 811,333

Egyptians are predominantly adherents of Sunni Islam with a Shia minority and a significant proportion who follow native Sufi orders.

FactSnippet No. 811,334

Egyptians tend to be provincial, meaning their attachment extends not only to Egypt but to the specific provinces, towns and villages from which they hail.

FactSnippet No. 811,335

Later more Egyptians left their homeland first after the 1973 boom in oil prices and again in 1979, but it was only in the second half of the 1980s that Egyptian migration became prominent.

FactSnippet No. 811,336

Egyptians have been impacted by the wars between Egypt and Israel, particularly after the Six-Day War in 1967, when migration rates began to rise.

FactSnippet No. 811,337

Egyptians built tombs for their dead that were meant to last for eternity.

FactSnippet No. 811,338

The Egyptians celebrated life, as is shown by tomb reliefs and inscriptions, papyri and other sources depicting Egyptians farming, conducting trade expeditions, hunting, holding festivals, attending parties and receptions with their pet dogs, cats and monkeys, dancing and singing, enjoying food and drink, and playing games.

FactSnippet No. 811,339

The ancient Egyptians were known for their engaging sense of humor, much like their modern descendants.

FactSnippet No. 811,340

Ancient Egyptians used a solar calendar that divided the year into 12 months of 30 days each, with five extra days added.

FactSnippet No. 811,341

Egyptians continued to practice their religion undisturbed and largely maintained their own separate communities from their foreign conquerors.

FactSnippet No. 811,342

Prophetic writings circulated among Egyptians promising expulsion of the Greeks, and frequent revolts by the Egyptians took place throughout the Ptolemaic period.

FactSnippet No. 811,343

The art of mummy portraiture flourished, but Egypt became further stratified with Romans at the apex of the social pyramid, Greeks and Jews occupied the middle stratum, while Egyptians, who constituted the vast majority, were at the bottom.

FactSnippet No. 811,344

Egyptians paid a poll tax at full rate, Greeks paid at half-rate and Roman citizens were exempt.

FactSnippet No. 811,345

When Egyptians were persecuted by Diocletian, many retreated to the desert to seek relief.

FactSnippet No. 811,346

Egyptians expelled Coptic monks and bishops from their monasteries and sees.

FactSnippet No. 811,347

The greatest was one in which disaffected Muslim Egyptians joined their Christian compatriots around AD 830 in an unsuccessful attempt to repel the Arabs.

FactSnippet No. 811,348

Form of Islam that eventually took hold in Egypt was Sunni, though very early in this period Egyptians began to blend their new faith with indigenous beliefs and practices that had survived through Coptic Christianity.

FactSnippet No. 811,349

Just as Egyptians had been pioneers in early monasticism so they were in the development of the mystical form of Islam, Sufism.

FactSnippet No. 811,350

Egyptians was born in Akhmim in AD 796 and achieved political and social leadership over the Egyptian people.

FactSnippet No. 811,351

Egyptians was keenly interested in ancient Egyptian sciences, and claimed to have received his knowledge of alchemy from Egyptian sources.

FactSnippet No. 811,352

Egyptians continued to live socially and politically separate from their foreign conquerors, but their rulers like the Ptolemies before them were able to stabilize the country and bring renewed economic prosperity.

FactSnippet No. 811,353

At least for some Egyptians, 'the land of Egypt' was an identifiable and emotionally meaningful entity within the larger Muslim polity of which it was now a province.

FactSnippet No. 811,354

The Egyptians were deeply hostile to the French, whom they viewed as yet another foreign occupation to be resisted.

FactSnippet No. 811,355

Egyptians rallied support among the Egyptians until he was elected by the native Muslim ulama as governor of Egypt.

FactSnippet No. 811,356

Egyptians composed a number of poems in praise of Egypt and wrote two other general histories of the country.

FactSnippet No. 811,357

Egyptians co-founded with his contemporary Ali Mubarak, the architect of the modern Egyptian school system, a native Egyptology school that looked for inspiration to medieval Egyptian scholars like Suyuti and Maqrizi, who studied ancient Egyptian history, language and antiquities.

FactSnippet No. 811,358

Several generations of Egyptians exposed to the ideas of constitutionalism made up the emerging intellectual and political milieu that slowly filled the ranks of the government, the army and institutions which had long been dominated by an aristocracy of Turks, Greeks, Circassians and Armenians.

FactSnippet No. 811,359

Egyptians was educated at al-Azhar where he attended lectures by Mohammed Abduh.

FactSnippet No. 811,360

Egyptians garnered such massive popularity among the Egyptian people that he came to be known as 'Father of the Egyptians'.

FactSnippet No. 811,361

When Egyptian novelist and Nobel Prize laureate Naguib Mahfouz died in 2006, many Egyptians felt that perhaps the last of the Greats of Egypt's golden age had died.

FactSnippet No. 811,362

The other thing is that Egyptians invented morality long before the major religions appeared on earth.

FactSnippet No. 811,363

Egyptians are very pious, but they know how to mix piety with joy, just as their ancestors did centuries ago.

FactSnippet No. 811,364

Egyptians fought one last time in the 1973 October War in an attempt to liberate Egyptian territories captured by Israel six years earlier.

FactSnippet No. 811,365

The Egyptians were discriminated against in the military where they weren't allowed to hold any important positions.

FactSnippet No. 811,366

However, the revolution of Ahmed Orabi is considered to be a turning point in Egyptian History, as it fought for the Egyptian identity, where Egyptians rejected any other identity, and identified only as Egyptians .

FactSnippet No. 811,367

Questions of identity came to fore in the late 19th century and in the 20th century as Egyptians sought to free themselves from British occupation, leading to the rise of ethno-territorial secular Egyptian nationalism .

FactSnippet No. 811,368

Arab-Islamic political sentiment was fueled by the solidarity felt between, on the one hand, Egyptians struggling for independence from Britain and, on the other hand, those across the Arab world engaged in similar anti-imperialist struggles.

FactSnippet No. 811,369

Egyptians are not Arabs, and both they and the Arabs are aware of this fact.

FactSnippet No. 811,370

Egyptians generally did not identify themselves as Arabs, and it is revealing that when the Egyptian nationalist leader Saad Zaghloul met the Arab delegates at Versailles in 1918, he insisted that their struggles for statehood were not connected, maintaining that the problem of Egypt was an Egyptian problem and not an Arab one.

FactSnippet No. 811,371

Egyptians viewed the earlier Egyptian nationalism of Saad Zaghloul as too inward-looking and saw no conflict between Egyptian patriotism and Arab nationalism .

FactSnippet No. 811,372

Thousands of Egyptians had lost their lives, and the country became disillusioned with Arab politics.

FactSnippet No. 811,373

Egyptians noted that in 18 articles Arab identity was acknowledged and neutrality in the conflict opposed, while in eight articles Arab identity was acknowledged and neutrality supported and only in three articles written by author Louis Awad was Arab identity rejected and neutrality supported.

FactSnippet No. 811,374

Many Egyptians today feel that Egyptian and Arab identities are inextricably linked, and emphasize the central role that Egypt plays in the Arab world.

FactSnippet No. 811,375

Ancient Egypt was among the earliest and greatest civilizations during which the Egyptians maintained a strikingly complex and stable culture that influenced later cultures of Europe, the Near East and Africa.

FactSnippet No. 811,376

Today, Egyptians carry names that have Ancient Egyptian, Arabic, Turkish, Greek and Western meanings among others.

FactSnippet No. 811,377

Rather, Egyptians tend to carry their father's name as their first middle name, and stop at the 2nd or 3rd first name, which thus becomes one's surname.

FactSnippet No. 811,378

Some Egyptians have their family names based on their traditional crafts, like El Nagar, El Fawal, El Hadad, El Khayat, and so on.

FactSnippet No. 811,379

The majority of Egyptians have last names that are their great-grandparents' first names, this habit is especially dominant among the fellahin, where the concept of surnames isn't really a strong tradition.

FactSnippet No. 811,380

Genetic analysis of modern Egyptians reveals that they have paternal lineages common to indigenous North-East African populations primarily and to Near Eastern peoples to a lesser extent—these lineages would have spread during the Neolithic and were maintained by the predynastic period.

FactSnippet No. 811,381

University of Chicago Egyptologist Frank Yurco suggested a historical, regional and ethnolinguistic continuity, asserting that "the mummies and skeletons of ancient Egyptians indicate they were similar to the modern Egyptians and other people of the Afro-Asiatic ethnic grouping".

FactSnippet No. 811,382