Ancient Egyptians Egypt was a civilization in ancient Northeast Africa, situated in the Egyptian Nile Valley in Egypt.
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Many achievements of the ancient Egyptians include the quarrying, surveying, and construction techniques that supported the building of monumental pyramids, temples, and obelisks; a system of mathematics, a practical and effective system of medicine, irrigation systems, and agricultural production techniques, the first known planked boats, Egyptian faience and glass technology, new forms of literature, and the earliest known peace treaty, made with the Hittites.
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Ancient Egyptians began his official history with the king named "Meni", who was believed to have united the two kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt.
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Ancient Egyptians established a new dynasty and, in the New Kingdom that followed, the military became a central priority for the kings, who sought to expand Egypt's borders and attempted to gain mastery of the Near East.
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Ancient Egyptians was devoted to his new religion and artistic style.
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Ancient Egyptians viewed men and women, including people from all social classes, as essentially equal under the law, and even the lowliest peasant was entitled to petition the vizier and his court for redress.
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The ancient Egyptians were thus able to produce an abundance of food, allowing the population to devote more time and resources to cultural, technological, and artistic pursuits.
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Ancient Egyptians cultivated emmer and barley, and several other cereal grains, all of which were used to make the two main food staples of bread and beer.
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Ancient Egyptians believed that a balanced relationship between people and animals was an essential element of the cosmic order; thus humans, animals and plants were believed to be members of a single whole.
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Ancient Egyptians used donkeys and oxen as beasts of burden, and they were responsible for plowing the fields and trampling seed into the soil.
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Ancient Egyptians were among the first to use minerals such as sulfur as cosmetic substances.
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Ancient Egyptians worked deposits of the lead ore galena at Gebel Rosas to make net sinkers, plumb bobs, and small figurines.
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Ancient Egyptians engaged in trade with their foreign neighbors to obtain rare, exotic goods not found in Egypt.
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Ancient Egyptians Egyptian was a synthetic language, but it became more analytic later on.
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Ancient Egyptians Egyptian has 25 consonants similar to those of other Afro-Asiatic languages.
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Ancient Egyptians enjoyed a variety of leisure activities, including games and music.
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The ancient Egyptians were skilled builders; using only simple but effective tools and sighting instruments, architects could build large stone structures with great accuracy and precision that is still envied today.
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Domestic dwellings of elite and ordinary Ancient Egyptians alike were constructed from perishable materials such as mudbricks and wood, and have not survived.
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However, the gods were not always viewed as benevolent, and Ancient Egyptians believed they had to be appeased with offerings and prayers.
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Ancient Egyptians believed that every human being was composed of physical and spiritual parts or aspects.
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Ancient Egyptians maintained an elaborate set of burial customs that they believed were necessary to ensure immortality after death.
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Wealthier Ancient Egyptians began to bury their dead in stone tombs and use artificial mummification, which involved removing the internal organs, wrapping the body in linen, and burying it in a rectangular stone sarcophagus or wooden coffin.
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Wealthy Ancient Egyptians were buried with larger quantities of luxury items, but all burials, regardless of social status, included goods for the deceased.
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Early Ancient Egyptians knew how to assemble planks of wood into a ship hull and had mastered advanced forms of shipbuilding as early as 3000BC.
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Early Ancient Egyptians knew how to assemble planks of wood with treenails to fasten them together, using pitch for caulking the seams.
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Early Ancient Egyptians knew how to fasten the planks of this ship together with mortise and tenon joints.
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Texts such as the Rhind Mathematical Papyrus and the Moscow Mathematical Papyrus show that the ancient Egyptians could perform the four basic mathematical operations—addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division—use fractions, calculate the areas of rectangles, triangles, and circles and compute the volumes of boxes, columns and pyramids.
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