22 Facts About Ephesus


Today, the ruins of Ephesus are a favourite international and local tourist attraction, being accessible from Adnan Menderes Airport and from the resort town Kusadasi.

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The names Apasa and Ephesus appear to be cognate, and recently found inscriptions seem to pinpoint the places in the Hittite record.

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Ephesus was a successful warrior, and as a king he was able to join the twelve cities of Ionia together into the Ionian League.

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Ephesus died in a battle against the Carians when he came to the aid of Priene, another city of the Ionian League.

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Ephesus's signature has been found on the base of one of the columns of the temple.

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Ephesus has intrigued archaeologists because for the Archaic Period there is no definite location for the settlement.

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Ephesus continued to prosper, but when taxes were raised under Cambyses II and Darius, the Ephesians participated in the Ionian Revolt against Persian rule in the Battle of Ephesus, an event which instigated the Greco-Persian wars.

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From Ephesus, Mithridates ordered every Roman citizen in the province to be killed which led to the Asiatic Vespers, the slaughter of 80, 000 Roman citizens in Asia, or any person who spoke with a Latin accent.

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Ephesus then entered an era of prosperity, becoming both the seat of the governor and a major centre of commerce.

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Ephesus cites Josiah Russell using 832 acres and Old Jerusalem in 1918 as the yardstick estimated the population at 51, 068 at 148.

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Ephesus argues that population densities of 150 or 250 people per hectare are more realistic, which gives a range of 33, 600 to 56, 000 inhabitants.

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Ephesus remained the most important city of the Byzantine Empire in Asia after Constantinople in the 5th and 6th centuries.

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Shortly afterwards, Ephesus was ceded to the Aydinid principality that stationed a powerful navy in the harbour of Ayasulug.

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Ephesus was an important centre for Early Christianity from the AD 50s.

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Ephesus was one of the seven cities addressed in the Book of Revelation, indicating that the church at Ephesus was strong.

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Polycrates of Ephesus was a bishop at the Church of Ephesus in the 2nd century.

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Ephesus is best known for his letter addressed to the Pope Victor I, Bishop of Rome, defending the Quartodeciman position in the Easter controversy.

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The church at Ephesus had given their support for Ignatius, who was taken to Rome for execution.

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Church of Mary near the harbour of Ephesus was the setting for the Third Ecumenical Council in 431, which resulted in the condemnation of Nestorius.

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Ephesus is believed to be the city of the Seven Sleepers, who were persecuted by the Roman emperor Decius because of their Christianity, and they slept in a cave for three centuries, outlasting their persecution.

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Ephesus is one of the largest Roman archaeological sites in the eastern Mediterranean.

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Ephesus had several major bath complexes, built at various times while the city was under Roman rule.

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