20 Facts About Aegean Sea


Aegean Sea is an elongated embayment of the Mediterranean Sea between Europe and Asia.

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The Aegean Islands are located within the sea and some bound it on its southern periphery, including Crete and Rhodes.

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Euboea, the second-largest island in Greece, is located in the Aegean Sea, despite being administered as part of Central Greece.

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Aegean Sea has been historically important, especially in regards to the civilization of Ancient Greece, who inhabited the area around the coast of the Aegean and the Aegean islands.

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The Aegean Sea islands facilitated contact between the people of the area and between Europe and Asia.

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Rocks making up the floor of the Aegean Sea are mainly limestone, though often greatly altered by volcanic activity that has convulsed the region in relatively recent geologic times.

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Notable cities on the Aegean Sea coastline include Athens, Thessaloniki, Volos, Kavala and Heraklion in Greece, and Izmir and Bodrum in Turkey.

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The Aegean Sea dispute has had a large effect on Greek-Turkish relations since the 1970s.

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Aegean Sea was the father of Theseus, the mythical king and founder-hero of Athens.

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Aegean Sea was known in Latin as Mare Aegaeum under the control of the Roman Empire.

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The Aegean Islands are found within its waters, with the following islands delimiting the sea on the south, generally from west to east: Kythera, Antikythera, Crete, Kasos, Karpathos and Rhodes.

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Several seas are contained within the Aegean Sea; the Thracian Sea is a section of the Aegean located to the north, the Icarian Sea to the east, the Myrtoan Sea to the west, while the Sea of Crete is the southern section.

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Physical oceanography of the Aegean Sea is controlled mainly by the regional climate, the fresh water discharge from major rivers draining southeastern Europe, and the seasonal variations in the Black Sea surface water outflow through the Dardanelles Strait.

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Climate of the Aegean Sea largely reflects the climate of Greece and Western Turkey, which is to say, predominately Mediterranean.

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Subsequent Bronze Age civilizations of Greece and the Aegean Sea have given rise to the general term Aegean civilization.

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Minoan civilization was a Bronze Age civilization on the island of Crete and other Aegean Sea islands, flourishing from around 3000 to 1450 BC before a period of decline, finally ending at around 1100 BC.

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The Ottoman Empire then gained control of all the Aegean Sea coast with the exception of Crete, which was a Venetian colony until 1669.

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The Italian war aim was to establish a Greek puppet state, which would permit the Italian annexation of the Sporades and the Cyclades islands in the Aegean Sea, to be administered as a part of the Italian Aegean Islands.

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Between the two countries, there are political disputes over several aspects of political control over the Aegean Sea space, including the size of territorial waters, air control and the delimitation of economic rights to the continental shelf.

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Tourism to the Aegean Sea islands contributes a significant portion of tourism in Greece, especially since the second half of the 20th century.

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