12 Facts About Dardanelles


One of the world's narrowest straits used for international navigation, the Dardanelles connects the Sea of Marmara with the Aegean and Mediterranean seas while allowing passage to the Black Sea by extension via the Bosphorus.

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The first fixed crossing across the Dardanelles opened in 2022 with the completion of the 1915 Canakkale Bridge.

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English name Dardanelles is an abbreviation of Strait of the Dardanelles.

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These castles together were called the Dardanelles, probably named after Dardanus, an ancient city on the Asian shore of the strait which in turn was said to take its name from Dardanus, the mythical son of Zeus and Electra.

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Thus, the Dardanelles allows maritime connections from the Black Sea all the way to the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean via Gibraltar, and the Indian Ocean through the Suez Canal, making it a crucial international waterway, in particular for the passage of goods coming in from Russia.

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Dardanelles were vital to the defence of Constantinople during the Byzantine period.

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Also, the Dardanelles was an important source of income for the ruler of the region.

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Besides, the administrator of the Dardanelles must have the right to receive 50 golden Litrons, so that these rules, which we make out of piety, shall never ever be violated.

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Since the 14th century the Dardanelles have almost continuously been controlled by the Turks.

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Dardanelles continued to constitute an important waterway during the period of the Ottoman Empire, which conquered Gallipoli in 1354.

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Waters of the Dardanelles are traversed by numerous passenger and vehicular ferries daily, as well as recreational and fishing boats ranging from dinghies to yachts owned by both public and private entities.

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Map of the Dardanelles drawn by G F Morrell, 1915, showing the Gallipoli peninsula and the west coast of Turkey, as well as the location of front line troops and landings during the Gallipoli Campaign.

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