14 Facts About Chios


Chios is notable for its exports of mastic gum and its nickname is "the Mastic Island".

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Chios Basin is a hydrographic sub-unit of the Aegean Sea adjacent to the island of Chios.

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Ancient writer Pausanias tells us that the poet Ion of Chios believed the island received its name from Chios, the son of Poseidon by a nymph of the island, who was born amidst snowfall .

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Archaeological research on Chios has found evidence of habitation dating back at least to the Neolithic era.

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Chios was one of the original twelve member states of the Ionian League.

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Chios joined the Ionian Revolt against the Persians in 499 BC.

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In 412 BC, during the Peloponnesian War, Chios revolted against Athens, and the Athenians besieged it.

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Chios's rule was benign and effective control remained in the hands of the local Greek landowners.

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Chios was able to make a substantial contribution to the imperial treasury while at the same time maintaining only a light level of taxation.

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The Ottoman massacre of Chios expelled, killed or enslaved thousands of the inhabitants of the island.

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Finally, Chios was not included in the modern Greek state and remained under Ottoman rule.

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Remarkably, despite the terrible devastation, in the later 19th century Chios emerged as the motherland of the modern Greek shipping industry.

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Chios joined the rest of independent Greece after the First Balkan War .

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Present municipality Chios was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 8 former municipalities, that became municipal units:.

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