46 Facts About Poseidon


Poseidon was one of the Twelve Olympians in ancient Greek religion and myth, god of the sea, storms, earthquakes and horses.

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Poseidon is often regarded as the tamer or father of horses, and with a strike of his trident, he created springs which are related to the word horse.

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Poseidon was the protector of seafarers, and of many Hellenic cities and colonies.

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Homer and Hesiod suggest that Poseidon became lord of the sea following the defeat of his father Cronus, the world was divided by lot among his three sons; Zeus was given the sky, Hades the underworld, and Poseidon the sea, with the Earth and Mount Olympus belonging to all three.

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Plato in his dialogue Cratylus gives two traditional etymologies: either the sea restrained Poseidon when walking as a "foot-bond", or he "knew many things" (p???a e?d?t?? or p???a e?d??).

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Poseidon carries frequently the title wa-na-ka, meaning "king" in Linear B inscriptions.

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The chthonic nature of Poseidon-Wanax is indicated by his title E-ne-si-da-o-ne in Mycenean Knossos and Pylos, a powerful attribute.

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Poseidon's was related with the annual birth of the divine child.

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Poseidon appears as a beast, which is the river spirit of the underworld, as it usually happens in northern-European folklore, and not unusually in Greece.

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Poseidon "Wanax", is the male companion of the goddess of nature.

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Homer and Hesiod suggest that Poseidon became lord of the sea following the defeat of his father Cronus, when the world was divided by lot among his three sons; Zeus was given the sky, Hades the underworld, and Poseidon the sea, with the Earth and Mount Olympus belonging to all three.

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Poseidon was a major civic god of several cities: in Athens, he was second only to Athena in importance, while in Corinth and many cities of Magna Graecia he was the chief god of the polis.

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Apollo and Poseidon worked closely in many realms: in colonization, for example, Delphic Apollo provided the authorization to go out and settle, while Poseidon watched over the colonists on their way, and provided the lustral water for the foundation-sacrifice.

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Poseidon is still worshipped today in modern Hellenic religion, among other Greek gods.

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Poseidon is a separate deity from the oldest Greek god of the sea Pontus.

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Poseidon's significance is indicated by his titles Eurykreion "wide-ruling", an epithet applied to Agamemnon and Helikonios anax, "lord of Helicon or Helike" In Helike of Achaia he was specially honoured.

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Poseidon's symbol is the trident and he has the epithet Eutriaina, "with goodly trident" (Pindar).

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Poseidon had a fest where women were not allowed, with special offers to Poseidon Temenites "related to an official domain ".

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Poseidon had the epithet phytalmios at Myconos, Troizen, Megara and Rhodes, comparable with Ptorthios at Chalcis.

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Poseidon is known under the epithet Hippios, "of a horse or horses" usually in Arcadia.

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The temple of Poseidon was destroyed by Antigonus when he attacked Attica.

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Poseidon was closely related with the springs, and with the strike of his trident, he created springs.

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Poseidon had the epithets Krenouchos, "ruling over springs", and nymphagetes "leader of the nymphs" On the Acropolis of Athens he created the saltspring Sea of Erechtheus.

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Poseidon is the father of Pegasus, whose name is deriven from, "spring".

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Poseidon was saved by his mother Rhea, who concealed him among a flock of lambs and pretended to have given birth to a colt, which she gave to Cronus to devour.

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Yet Poseidon remained a numinous presence on the Acropolis in the form of his surrogate, Erechtheus.

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Poseidon struck the ground with his trident and a spring sprang up; the water was salty and not very useful, whereas Athena offered them an olive tree.

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Contest of Athena and Poseidon was the subject of the reliefs on the western pediment of the Parthenon, the first sight that greeted the arriving visitor.

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Poseidon had them build huge walls around the city and promised to reward them with his immortal horses, a promise he then refused to fulfill.

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Poseidon's consort was Amphitrite, a nymph and ancient sea-goddess, daughter of Nereus and Doris.

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In one account, attributed to Eratosthenes, Poseidon wished to wed Amphitrite, but she fled from him and hid with Atlas.

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Poseidon sent out many to find her, and it was a dolphin who tracked her down.

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Poseidon then put him among the stars as a reward for his good services.

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One day, Poseidon, filled with lust for Tyro, disguised himself as Enipeus, and from their union were born the heroes Pelias and Neleus, twin boys.

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Poseidon had an affair with Alope, his granddaughter through Cercyon, his son and King of Eleusis, begetting the Attic hero Hippothoon.

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Poseidon rescued Amymone from a lecherous satyr and then fathered a child, Nauplius, by her.

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Mortal woman named Cleito once lived on an isolated island; Poseidon fell in love with the human mortal and created a dwelling sanctuary at the top of a hill near the middle of the island and surrounded the dwelling with rings of water and land to protect her.

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Poseidon's gave birth to five sets of twin boys; the firstborn, Atlas, became the first ruler of Atlantis.

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Poseidon took the young Nerites, the son of Nereus and Doris as a lover.

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Aelian, the author of this tale, says it is not clear why Helios did this, but theorizes he might have been offended somehow, or that he and Poseidon were rivals in love, and Helios wanted Nerites to travel among the constellations instead of the sea-monsters.

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Poseidon was associated with dolphins and three-pronged fish spears.

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Poseidon lived in a palace on the ocean floor, made of coral and gems.

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The enmity of Poseidon prevents Odysseus's return home to Ithaca for many years.

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Hymn to Poseidon included among the Homeric Hymns is a brief invocation, a seven-line introduction that addresses the god as both "mover of the earth and barren sea, god of the deep who is lord of Mount Helicon and wide Aegae, and specifies his twofold nature as an Olympian: "a tamer of horses and a saviour of ships.

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Poseidon appears in the ABC television series Once Upon a Time as the guest star of the second half of season four played by Ernie Hudson.

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Poseidon has made multiple appearances in video games, such as in God of War 3 by Sony.

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