12 Facts About Attica


Attica, or the Attic Peninsula, is a historical region that encompasses the city of Athens, the capital of Greece and its countryside.

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Attica is a triangular peninsula jutting into the Aegean Sea.

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The western coast of Attica, known as the Athens Riviera, forms the eastern coastline of the Saronic Gulf.

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The mountains of Attica are the Hymettus, the eastern portion of the Geraneia, Parnitha, Aigaleo and Penteli.

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Kifisos is the longest river in Attica, which starts from the foothills of mount Parnitha near Varibobi, crosses the Athenian plain and empties into the delta of Faliro east of the port of Piraeus.

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The traditions current in the classical period recounted that, during the Greek Dark Ages, Attica had become the refuge of the Ionians, who belonged to a tribe from the northern Peloponnese.

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Attica's warfare is displayed by piles of rubble from fortresses from the Chremonidean war.

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Attica's population diminished in comparison to the neighboring area of Boeotia.

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The monasteries of Attica played a crucial role in preserving the Greek element of the villages.

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Attica belonged to the newly-founded Greek state from its founding.

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Today, much of Attica is occupied by urban Athens, encompassing the entirety of the Athenian plain.

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The modern Greek region of Attica includes classical Attica as well as the Saronic Islands, a small part of the Peloponnese around Troezen, and the Ionian Island of Kythira.

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