14 Facts About Peloponnese


Peloponnese is a peninsula located at the southern tip of the mainland, 21, 549.

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The Peloponnese possesses four south-pointing peninsulas, the Messenian, the Mani, the Cape Malea, and the Argolid in the far northeast of the Peloponnese.

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The Peloponnese is home to numerous spectacular beaches, which are a major tourist draw.

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Since antiquity, and continuing to the present day, the Peloponnese has been divided into seven major regions: Achaea, Corinthia (northeast), Argolis (east), Arcadia (center), Laconia (southeast), Messenia (southwest), and Elis (west).

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Apart from the troubled relations with the Slavs, the coastal regions of the Peloponnese suffered greatly from repeated Arab raids following the Arab capture of Crete in the 820s and the establishment of a corsair emirate there.

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Peloponnese's attack opened the peninsula to invasion, though Murad died before he could exploit this.

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Furthermore, 8, 000 Albanian stratioti, most of them along with their families, left the Peloponnese to continue their military service under the Republic of Venice or the Kingdom of Naples.

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Venetian fortresses were conquered in a series of Ottoman-Venetian Wars: the first war, lasting from 1463 to 1479, saw much fighting in the Peloponnese, resulting in the loss of Argos, while Modon and Coron fell in 1500 during the second war.

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Peloponnese now became the core of the Morea Eyalet, headed by the Mora valesi, who until 1780 was a pasha of the first rank and held the title of vizier.

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Greeks of the Peloponnese rose against the Ottomans with Russian aid during the so-called "Orlov Revolt" of 1770, but it was swiftly and brutally suppressed by bands of Muslim Albanian mercenaries hired by the Ottomans.

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The Peloponnese suffered more than any other Greek inhabited area by irregular Albanian gangs during the decades following.

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The extensive destruction and lack of control in the Peloponnese forced the central Ottoman government to send a regular Turkish military force to suppress those Albanian troops in 1779, and eventually drive them out from Peloponnese.

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Peloponnese peninsula was the scene of fierce fighting and extensive devastation following the arrival of Ibrahim's Egyptian troops.

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Peloponnese possesses many important archaeological sites dating from the Bronze Age through to the Middle Ages.

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