22 Facts About Pylos


Pylos, historically known as Navarino, is a town and a former municipality in Messenia, Peloponnese, Greece.

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Pylos came under the control of the Republic of Venice from 1417 until 1500, when it was conquered by the Ottoman Empire.

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Pylos retained its ancient name into Byzantine times, but after the Frankish conquest in the early 13th century, two new names appear:.

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Region of Pylos has a long history, which goes hand in hand with that of Peloponnese.

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Pylos then became the capital of one of the most important human centers of this civilization and of a powerful kingdom, often referred to as Nestor's kingdom of "sandy Pylos" and described later by Homer in both his Iliad and his Odyssey when Telemachus says:.

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Pylos found many architectural elements such as the throne room with its foyer, an anteroom, rooms and passageways all covered with frescoes of Minoan inspiration, and large warehouses, the external walls of the palace, unique baths, galleries, and 90 meters outside the palace, a beehive "tholos" tomb, perfectly restored in 1957 .

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Pylos was the only palace of that time to have no walls or fortifications.

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The site of the Mycenaean Pylos then seems to have been abandoned during the Dark Ages .

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Pylos fell quickly to the Crusaders according to a brief reference in the Chronicle of the Morea, but it is not until the 1280s that it is mentioned again.

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Ibrahim's intervention proved decisive: the region of Pylos fell on 18 May 1825 after the battles of Sphacteria and Neokastro, much of the Peloponnese was reconquered in 1825; the gateway town of Messolonghi fell in 1826; and Athens was taken in 1827.

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On 6 October 1828, Pylos was definitively liberated from the Ottoman–Egyptian troops of Ibrahim Pasha by the French troops of the Morea expedition commanded by Marshal Nicolas-Joseph Maison.

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Current city of Pylos was built starting in the spring of 1829, outside the walls of Neokastro, on the model of the bastides of Southwest France and the cities of the Ionian Islands .

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In 1833, after the departure of the French, the name "Pylos" was given to the new city of Navarino by royal decree of the newly installed king Otto I of Greece.

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Fortress of Pylos was transformed into a place of deportation of political opponents during the totalitarian regime of Metaxas between 1936 and 1941.

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Since the 2011 reform, Pylos has been the seat of the new Municipality of Pylos-Nestor.

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City of Pylos is located at the foot of a promontory which extends Mount Aghios Nikolaos and carries the fortress.

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Pylos has excellent roads and all the communication amenities of a modern city.

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Greek National Road 82 departs from the center of Pylos and connects directly to Kalamata in less than an hour, and from there to Athens in two hours.

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City of Pylos has two castles : the Frankish Paleokastro and the Ottoman Neokastro .

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In September 1992, the historic building of the College of Pylos was classified by the Ministry of Culture as a Preserved Historic Monument and will house soon in the near future the public library and gallery of the municipality of Pylos.

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Also built by French troops of the Morea expedition in 1829, the central square of Pylos is characterized by its triangular geometric pattern, one of the sides of which opens onto the sea and the port of Pylos, and whose two other sides are bordered by covered galleries with arcades, built with a succession of contiguous arches, each supported by a colonnade, recalling the architecture of the central squares of the bastides of Southwest France and those of the cities of the Ionian Islands .

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Port of Pylos is one of the safest boarding destinations for ships traveling in the Mediterranean Sea.

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