21 Facts About Crusaders


Crusaders encouraged military support for Byzantine emperor AlexiosI against the Seljuk Turks and called for an armed pilgrimage to Jerusalem.

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The first Crusaders had a variety of motivations, including religious salvation, satisfying feudal obligations, opportunities for renown, and economic or political advantage.

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In transit through Germany, these Crusaders spawned German bands who massacred Jewish communities in what became known as the Rhineland massacres.

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The Crusaders entered, massacring the Muslim inhabitants as well as many Christians.

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At this point, most Crusaders considered their pilgrimage complete and returned to Europe.

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Crusaders was lying in state for five days, before his burial at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.

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Crusaders died in 1111, leaving Tancred as regent to his son Bohemond II, who ignored the treaty.

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The Crusaders were able to capture the town of Banias, but were unable to take Damascus despite coming within six miles of the town.

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In 1135, Zengi moved against Antioch and, when the Crusaders failed to put an army into the field to oppose him, he captured several important Syrian town.

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Crusaders defeated Fulk at the Battle of Ba'rin of 1137, seizing Ba'rin Castle.

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The Crusaders fought the Battle of Bosra with the Damascenes in the summer of 1147, with no clear winner.

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The barons of Jerusalem withdrew support and the Crusaders retreated before the arrival of a relief army led by Nur-ad-Din.

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Crusaders undertook a series of four invasions of Egypt from 1163 to 1169, taking advantage of weaknesses of the Fatimids.

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Crusaders's death caused several thousand German soldiers to leave the force and return home.

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Crusaders withdrew his legate to disassociate from the attack but seemed to have accepted it as inevitable.

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Crusaders offered to surrender the kingdom of Jerusalem, less the fortresses of al-Karak and Krak de Montreal, guarding the road to Egypt, in exchange for the evacuation of Egypt.

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Crusaders sent his emissaries to inform Gregory IX of the situation, but the pope did not care about Frederick's illness, just that he had not lived up to his agreement.

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Crusaders's life was spared, and as soon as his health permitted him, he took the cross and immediately began preparations.

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Crusaders forged a document which appointed his son al-Muazzam Turanshah, then in Syria, as heir and Fakhr ad-Din as viceroy.

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Crusaders supported King Manfred of Sicily's failed resistance to the attack of Charles and the papacy.

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Crusaders were on a personal pilgrimage and usually returned when it was completed.

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