30 Facts About Fatimids


The Fatimids were acknowledged as the rightful imams by different Isma'ili communities, but in many other Muslim lands, including Persia and the adjacent regions.

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Fatimids rulers were Arab in origin, starting with its founder the Isma'ili Shia Caliph Abdallah al-Mahdi Billah.

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Fatimids established an Isma'ili theocratic state based in Tazrut, operating in a way similar to previous Isma'ili missionary networks in Mesopotamia but adapted to local Kutama tribal structures.

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Fatimids adopted the role of a traditional Islamic ruler at the head of this organization while remaining in frequent contact with Ubayd Allah.

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Fatimids continued to preach to his followers, known as the Awliya' Allah, and to initiate them into Isma'ili doctrine.

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Fatimids established a new, Isma'ili Shi'a regime on behalf of his absent, and for the moment unnamed, master.

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Fatimids inherited the Aghlabid province of Sicily, which the Aghlabids had gradually conquered from the Byzantine Empire starting in 827.

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Fatimids was accompanied by Ziri ibn Manad, the leader of the Zirids.

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Under the Fatimids, Egypt became the centre of an empire that included at its peak parts of North Africa, Sicily, the Levant, the Red Sea coast of Africa, Tihamah, Hejaz, Yemen, with its most remote territorial reach being Multan (in modern-day Pakistan).

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Egypt flourished, and the Fatimids developed an extensive trade network both in the Mediterranean and in the Indian Ocean.

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The Fatimids built upon some of the bureaucratic foundations laid by the Ikhshidids and the old Abbasid imperial order.

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Fatimids aimed to eventually capture Jerusalem, but he died in 976 on his way back to Constantinople, thus staving off the Byzantine threat to the Fatimids.

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Fatimids allied with the Qarmatis and with Arab Bedouin tribes in Syria and invaded Palestine in the spring of 977.

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The Fatimids began to recruit ghilman much as the Abbasids had done before them.

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Fatimids took Homs and Hama in 992 and defeated a combined force from Hamdanid Aleppo and Byzantine-held Antioch.

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Fatimids opened the Dar al-'Ilm, a library for the study of the sciences, which was in line with al-'Aziz's previous policy of cultivating this knowledge.

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Fatimids ordered or sanctioned the destruction of a number of churches and monasteries, which was unprecedented, and in 1009, for reasons that remain unclear, he ordered the demolition of the Church of the Holy Sephulchre in Jerusalem.

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Fatimids was purportedly murdered, but his body was never found.

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Fatimids's served as his regent until her death in 1023, at which point an alliance of courtiers and officials ruled, with al-Jarjara'i, a former finance official, at their head.

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Fatimids was 7 years old when he came to the throne and thus al-Jarjara'i continued to serve as vizier and his guardian.

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Fatimids returned to San'a where he established his family as rulers on behalf of the Fatimid caliphs.

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Fatimids's brother founded the city of Ta'izz, while the city of Aden became an important hub of trade between Egypt and India, which brought Egypt further wealth.

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Fatimids commanded a large contingent of Armenian troops, many of whom were Christian.

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Fatimids attempted to secure the succession of his son to the vizierate as well, but this ultimately failed.

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The Fatimids retained Tyre, Ascalon, and Gaza with the help of their fleet.

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Fatimids managed to carry out various administrative reforms and infrastructural projects during in the later years of al-Afdal's term, including the construction of an astronomical observatory in 1119.

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Fatimids accepted a pardon from the caliph and remained at the palace.

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The Fatimids formally charged the ga'on of Jerusalem with responsibilities as representative of the community.

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The Fatimids were faced with the now Turkish-dominated forces of the Abbasid Caliphate and began to realize the limits of their current military.

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Fatimids focused their military on the defence of the empire as threats presented, which they were able to repel.

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