36 Facts About Hades


Hades was the eldest son of Cronus and Rhea, although this made him the last son to be regurgitated by his father.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,600

Hades received the underworld, Zeus the sky, and Poseidon the sea, with the solid earth, long the province of Gaia, available to all three concurrently.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,601

Origin of Hades' name is uncertain, but has generally been seen as meaning "the unseen one" since antiquity.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,602

Epithets of Hades include Agesander and Agesilaos, both from ago and aner or laos, describing Hades as the god who carries away all.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,603

Hades was referred to as Zeus katachthonios, meaning "the Zeus of the underworld", by those avoiding his actual name, as he had complete control over the underworld.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,604

In Greek mythology, Hades, the god of the Greek underworld, was the first-born son of the Titans Cronus and Rhea.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,605

Hades had three older sisters, Hestia, Demeter, and Hera, as well as a younger brother, Poseidon, all of whom had been swallowed whole by their father as soon as they were born.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,606

Zeus received the sky, Poseidon received the seas, and Hades received the underworld, the unseen realm to which the souls of the dead go upon leaving the world as well as any and all things beneath the earth.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,607

Hades obtained his wife and queen, Persephone, through abduction at the behest of Zeus.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,608

Helios told the grieving Demeter that Hades was not an unworthy groom or son-in-law given his status among the gods, as her own brother and king on his own right:.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,609

Hades isn't an unsuitableson-in-law among the gods: Lord of the Many Dead, your own brother from the same seed.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,610

Hades was portrayed as passive and never portrayed negatively; his role was often maintaining relative balance.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,611

Hades ruled the dead, assisted by others over whom he had complete authority.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,612

The House of Hades was described as full of "guests, " though he rarely left the underworld.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,613

Hades cared little about what happened in the world above, as his primary attention was ensuring none of his subjects ever left his domain.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,614

Hades strictly forbade his subjects to leave his domain and would become quite enraged when anyone tried to leave, or if someone tried to steal the souls from his realm.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,615

Hades was only depicted outside of the underworld once in myth, and even that is believed to have been an instance where he had just left the gates of the underworld, which was when Heracles shot him with an arrow as Hades was attempting to defend the city of Pylos.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,616

Besides Heracles, the only other living people who ventured to the underworld were heroes: Odysseus, Aeneas, Orpheus, to whom Hades showed uncharacteristic mercy at Persephone's urging, who was moved by Orpheus' music, Theseus with Pirithous, and, in a late romance, Psyche.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,617

Persephone does admit that she ate the food of the dead, as she tells Demeter that Hades gave her a pomegranate seed and forced her to eat it.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,618

Hades knew of their plan to capture his wife, so he pretended to offer them hospitality and set a feast; as soon as the pair sat down, snakes coiled around their feet and held them there.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,619

Hades punished Sisyphus by making him roll a boulder up a hill in the underworld; but every time he reached the top, the boulder would roll down again and again.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,620

Hades did this to absolve himself of guilt for killing the centaurs and to learn how to enter and exit the underworld alive.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,621

In great pain, Hades went to Olympus to be healed by the physician of the gods, Paean.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,622

Hades fell in love with her and abducted her to the underworld.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,623

Hades lived out the span of her life in his realm, and when she died, the god sought consolation by creating a suitable memorial of their love: in the Elysian Fields where the pious spend their afterlife, he brought a white tree into existence.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,624

In some versions Hades is considered the master of the goddesses of Fate, not his brother Zeus and the god who designates the end and origin of all things and orders the alternation of birth and destruction, the arbiter of life and death.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,625

Hades is considered the father of the Furies in some versions, but the mother's identity varies.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,626

Hades is said to hate Alecto, even though she is one of his children.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,627

Hades, as the god of the dead, was a fearsome figure to those still living; in no hurry to meet him, they were reluctant to swear oaths in his name, and averted their faces when sacrificing to him.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,628

Hades was not an evil god, for although he was stern, cruel, and unpitying, he was still just.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,629

Hades's chariot, drawn by four black horses, made for a fearsome and impressive sight.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,630

Zeus was portrayed as having an incarnation in the underworld identifying him as literally being Hades and leading to Zeus and Hades essentially being two representations and different facets of the same god and extended divine power.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,631

Hades was depicted infrequently in artwork, as well as mythology, because the Greeks were so afraid of him.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,632

Sometimes, artists painted Hades as looking away from the other gods, as he was disliked by them as well as humans.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,633

Hades holds a cornucopia, representing the gifts he bestows upon people as well as fertility, which he becomes connected to.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,634

In older Greek myths, the realm of Hades is the misty and gloomy abode of the dead where all mortals go when they die.

FactSnippet No. 2,073,635