28 Facts About Aeneas


Aeneas's father was a first cousin of King Priam of Troy, making Aeneas a second cousin to Priam's children (such as Hector and Paris).

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Aeneas is a character in Greek mythology and is mentioned in Homer's Iliad.

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Aeneas receives full treatment in Roman mythology, most extensively in Virgil's Aeneid, where he is cast as an ancestor of Romulus and Remus.

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Aeneas is the Romanization of the hero's original Greek name.

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The epithets applied by Virgil are an example of an attitude different from that of Homer, for whilst Odysseus is, Aeneas is described as ("pious"), which conveys a strong moral tone.

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Likewise, Aeneas is called pater when acting in the interest of his men.

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Aeneas was described by the chronicler Malalas in his account of the Chronography as "shortish, thick, good chest, strong, ruddy, flat-faced, good nose, pale, balding, good beard".

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Story of the birth of Aeneas is told in the Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite, one of the major Homeric Hymns.

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Aeneas is overcome by her beauty, believing that she is a goddess, but Aphrodite identifies herself as a Phrygian princess.

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Aeneas is a minor character in the Iliad, where he is twice saved from death by the gods as if for an as-yet-unknown destiny, but is an honorable warrior in his own right.

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Aeneas's mother Aphrodite frequently comes to his aid on the battlefield, and he is a favorite of Apollo.

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Aeneid explains that Aeneas is one of the few Trojans who were not killed or enslaved when Troy fell.

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Aeneas, after being commanded by the gods to flee, gathered a group, collectively known as the Aeneads, who then traveled to Italy and became progenitors of the Romans.

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Aeneas carried with him the Lares and Penates, the statues of the household gods of Troy, and transplanted them to Italy.

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Aeneas had a year-long affair with the Carthaginian queen Dido, who proposed that the Trojans settle in her land and that she and Aeneas reign jointly over their peoples.

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Aeneas's then committed suicide by stabbing herself with the same sword she gave Aeneas when they first met.

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Aeneas traveled on and landed on the western coast of Italy.

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Aeneas descended into the underworld where he met Dido and his father, who showed him the future of his descendants and thus the history of Rome.

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Rest of Aeneas's biography is gleaned from other ancient sources, including Livy and Ovid's Metamorphoses.

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Aeneas later welcomed Dido's sister, Anna Perenna, who then committed suicide after learning of Lavinia's jealousy.

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Medieval interpretations of Aeneas were greatly influenced by both Virgil and other Latin sources.

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From Guido, for instance, the Pearl Poet and other English writers get the suggestion that Aeneas's safe departure from Troy with his possessions and family was a reward for treason, for which he was chastised by Hecuba.

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In Sir Gawain and the Green Knight the Pearl Poet, like many other English writers, employed Aeneas to establish a genealogy for the foundation of Britain, and explains that Aeneas was "impeached for his perfidy, proven most true" (line 4).

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Aeneas's wet-nurse was Caieta, and he is the father of Ascanius with Creusa, and of Silvius with Lavinia.

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Aeneas is a main character in Ursula K Le Guin's Lavinia, a re-telling of the last six books of the Aeneid told from the point of view of Lavinia, daughter of King Latinus of Latium.

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Aeneas appears in David Gemmell's Troy series as a main heroic character who goes by the name Helikaon.

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In Rick Riordan's book series The Heroes of Olympus, Aeneas is regarded as the first Roman demigod, son of Venus rather than Aphrodite.

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Aeneas featured as an Epic Fighter of the Dardania faction in the Total War Saga: Troy in 2020.

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