17 Facts About Knossos


The palace of Knossos eventually became the ceremonial and political centre of the Minoan civilization and culture.

FactSnippet No. 1,019,941

Name Knossos was formerly Latinized as Cnossus or Cnossos and occasionally Knossus, Gnossus, or Gnossos but is almost always written Knossos.

FactSnippet No. 1,019,942

Knossos has a thick Neolithic layer indicating the site was a sequence of settlements before the Palace Period.

FactSnippet No. 1,019,943

Palace of Knossos was by far the largest, covering three acres with its main building alone and five acres when separate out-buildings are considered.

FactSnippet No. 1,019,944

Prosperity of Knossos was primarily based upon the development of native Cretan resources such as oil, wine, and wool.

FactSnippet No. 1,019,945

Knossos was still prosperous at the time of its destruction c 1370 with trade and art continuing to thrive.

FactSnippet No. 1,019,946

Knossos had Daedalus construct a labyrinth, a very large maze in which to retain his son, the Minotaur.

FactSnippet No. 1,019,947

Fieldwork in 2015 revealed that during the early Iron Age, Knossos was rich in imports and was nearly three times larger than indicated by earlier excavations.

FactSnippet No. 1,019,948

In Hellenistic times Knossos came under Egyptian influence, but despite considerable military efforts during the Chremonidean War, the Ptolemies were not able to unify the warring city states.

FactSnippet No. 1,019,949

In 325, Knossos became a diocese, suffragan of the metropolitan see of Gortyna.

FactSnippet No. 1,019,950

The excavations in Knossos began in 1900 by the British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans and his team, and continued for 35 years.

FactSnippet No. 1,019,951

Phaistos, contemporaneous with Knossos, was placed on a steep ridge, controlling access to the Messara Plain from the sea, and was walled.

FactSnippet No. 1,019,952

Archaeological site, Knossos, refers either to the palace complex or, to that complex and several houses of similar antiquity nearby, which were inadvertently excavated along with the palace.

FactSnippet No. 1,019,953

Pottery at Knossos is prolific, heavily-decorated and uniquely-styled by period.

FactSnippet No. 1,019,954

Palace at Knossos was a place of high color, as were Greek buildings in the classical period, and as are Greek buildings today.

FactSnippet No. 1,019,955

Many of these palaces were destroyed and abandoned in the early part of the fifteenth century BC, possibly by the Mycenaeans, although Knossos remained in use until it was destroyed by fire about one hundred years later.

FactSnippet No. 1,019,956

Knossos showed no signs of being a military site; for example, it had neither fortifications nor stores of weapons.

FactSnippet No. 1,019,957