28 Facts About Cilicia


Cilicia is a geographical region in southern Anatolia in Turkey, extending inland from the northeastern coasts of the Mediterranean Sea.

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Cilicia has a population ranging over six million, concentrated mostly at the Cilicia plain.

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Cilicia is extended along the Mediterranean coast east from Pamphylia to the Nur Mountains, which separates it from Syria.

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English spelling Cilicia is the same as the Latin, as it was transliterated directly from the Greek form ??????a.

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Cilicia Trachea is a rugged mountain district formed by the spurs of Taurus, which often terminate in rocky headlands with small sheltered harbours, a feature which, in classical times, made the coast a string of havens for pirates and, in the Middle Ages, outposts for Genoese and Venetian traders.

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Mountains of Cilicia are formed from ancient limestones, conglomerate, marlstone, and similar materials.

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Syennesis dynasty emerged in Cilicia and seemed to have been based in its western part during the reign of Appuasu.

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Cilicia became an autonomous satrapy under the reign of Cyrus II.

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Under the Persian empire, Cilicia was said to be governed by tributary native kings who bore a Hellenized name or the title of "Syennesis", and it was officially included in the fourth satrapy by Darius.

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Cilicia Trachea became the haunt of pirates, who were subdued by Pompey in 67 BC following a Battle of Korakesion, and Tarsus was made the capital of the Roman province of Cilicia.

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Cilicia Pedias became Roman territory in 103 BC first conquered by Marcus Antonius Orator in his campaign against pirates, with Sulla acting as its first governor, foiling an invasion of Mithridates, and the whole was organized by Pompey, 64 BC, into a province which, for a short time, extended to and included part of Phrygia.

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Cilicia was one of the most important regions of the classical world and can be considered as the birthplace of Christianity.

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Under the Abbasid Caliphate, Cilicia was resettled and transformed into a fortified frontier zone.

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Cilicia assisted the Crusaders, was crowned King by the Archbishop of Mainz, and married one of the Lusignans of the Crusader Kingdom of Cyprus.

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Cilicia Pedias became part of the Mamluk Sultanate in 1375.

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Cilicia were one of the regions with the most confiscated property, thus muhacirs from Balkans and Crete were relocated in the old Armenian and Greek neighbourhoods and villages of the region.

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Also during this period, there was a property rush of Muslims from Kayseri and Darende to Cilicia who were granted the ownership of large farms, factories, stores and mansions.

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Cilicia is heavily populated due to its abundant resources, climate and plain geography.

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Cilicia is well known for the vast fertile land and highly productive agriculture.

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Cilicia plain has some of the most fertile soil in the world in which 3 harvests can be taken each year.

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Cilicia leads Turkey in soy, peanuts and corn harvest and is a major producer of fruits and vegetables.

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Cilicia is one of the first industrialized regions of Turkey.

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Cilicia tourism is mostly cottage tourism serving the Cilicia locals as well as residents of Kayseri, Gaziantep and surrounding areas.

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Football is the most popular sport in Cilicia, professionally represented at all levels of the Football in Turkey.

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Cilicia has a well-developed transportation system with two airports, two major seaports, motorways and railway lines on the historical route connecting Europe to Middle East.

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Motorways of Cilicia extends to Nigde on the north, Erdemli on the west and Sanliurfa on the east, and Iskenderun on the south.

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Parallel to the highway network in Cilicia, there is an extensive railway network.

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Cilicia was one of the most important regions for the Ottoman Armenians because it managed very well to preserve Armenian character throughout the years.

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