29 Facts About Buddhist texts


Buddhist texts are those religious texts which belong to the Buddhist tradition.

FactSnippet No. 606,929

The earliest Buddhist texts were not committed to writing until some centuries after the death of Gautama Buddha.

FactSnippet No. 606,930

The oldest surviving Buddhist manuscripts are the Gandharan Buddhist texts, found in Afghanistan and written in Gandhari, they date from the first century BCE to the third century CE.

FactSnippet No. 606,931

The first Buddhist texts were initially passed on orally by Buddhist monastics, but were later written down and composed as manuscripts in various Indo-Aryan languages and collected into various Buddhist Canons.

FactSnippet No. 606,932

These religious Buddhist texts were written in different languages, methods and writing systems.

FactSnippet No. 606,933

Buddhavacana Buddhist texts have special status as sacred scripture and are generally seen as in accord with the teachings of the historical Buddha, which is termed "the Dharma".

FactSnippet No. 606,934

Sometimes Buddhist texts that are considered commentaries by some are regarded by others as buddhavacana.

FactSnippet No. 606,935

These Buddhist texts were later compiled into canons and written down in manuscripts.

FactSnippet No. 606,936

The most widely studied early Buddhist texts material are the first four Pali Nikayas, as well as the corresponding Chinese Agamas.

FactSnippet No. 606,937

Warder hold that early Buddhist texts contain material that could possibly be traced to the historical Buddha himself or at least to the early years of pre-sectarian Buddhism.

FactSnippet No. 606,938

In Mahayana Buddhism, these Buddhist texts are sometimes referred to as "Hinayana" or "Sravakayana".

FactSnippet No. 606,939

The Chinese Buddhist texts canon contains a complete collection of early sutras in Chinese translation, their content is very similar to the Pali, differing in detail but not in the core doctrinal content.

FactSnippet No. 606,940

The earliest known Buddhist manuscripts containing early Buddhist texts are the Gandharan Buddhist Texts, dated to the 1st century BCE and constitute the Buddhist textual tradition of Gandharan Buddhism which was an important link between Indian and East Asian Buddhism.

FactSnippet No. 606,941

The prominent modern scholar of Abhidharma, Erich Frauwallner has said that these Buddhist texts systems are "among the major achievements of the classical period of Indian philosophy.

FactSnippet No. 606,942

Early Buddhist schools preserved other types of texts which developed in later periods, which were variously seen as canonical or not, depending on the tradition.

FactSnippet No. 606,943

One of the largest category of Buddhist texts that were neither Sutra, Vinaya nor Abhidharma includes various collections of stories such as the Jataka tales and the Avadanas.

FactSnippet No. 606,944

The different Buddhist texts schools had their own collections of these tales and often disagreed on which stories were canonical.

FactSnippet No. 606,945

Buddhist texts poetry is a broad genre with numerous forms and has been composed in many languages, including Sanskrit, Tibetan, Chinese and Japanese.

FactSnippet No. 606,946

Buddhist texts poetry was written in popular Indian languages, such as Tamil and Apabhramsa.

FactSnippet No. 606,947

These Buddhist texts depict a dialogue between the monk Nagasena, and the Indo-Greek King Menander.

FactSnippet No. 606,948

Sri Lankan literature in the vernacular contains many Buddhist texts works, including as classical Sinhala poems such as the Muvadevavata and the Sasadavata (The Story of the Bodhisattva's Birth as a Hare, 12th century) as well as prose works like the Dhampiyatuva gatapadaya (Commentary on the Blessed Doctrine), a commentary on words and phrases in the Pali Dhammapada.

FactSnippet No. 606,949

One of these Buddhist texts has been published in English by the Pali Text Society as "Manual of a Mystic".

FactSnippet No. 606,950

Burmese Buddhist texts literature developed unique poetic forms form the 1450s onwards, a major type of poetry is the which are long and embellished translations of Pali Buddhist texts works, mainly jatakas.

FactSnippet No. 606,951

Mahayana Buddhists explained the emergence of these new texts by arguing that they had been transmitted in secret, via lineages of supernatural beings until people were ready to hear them, or by stating that they had been revealed directly through visions and meditative experiences to a select few.

FactSnippet No. 606,952

Such overlap is not confined to "neighbouring" yanas: at least nine "Sravakayana" Buddhist texts can be found in the tantra divisions of some editions of the Kangyur.

FactSnippet No. 606,953

Some Mahayana Buddhist texts contain dharani, which are chants that are believed to have magical and spiritual power.

FactSnippet No. 606,954

Buddhist texts produced the Pramana-samuccaya, and later Dharmakirti wrote the Pramana-varttika, which was a commentary and reworking of the Dignaga text.

FactSnippet No. 606,955

Buddhist texts poetry was an important contribution to the literature of the tradition.

FactSnippet No. 606,956

Many of the terma Buddhist texts are said to have been written by Padmasambhava, who is particularly important to the Nyingmas.

FactSnippet No. 606,957