23 Facts About Hyderabad State


Hyderabad State, known as Hyderabad Deccan, was a princely state located in the south-central Deccan region of India with its capital at the city of Hyderabad.

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Hyderabad State was ruled from 1724 to 1857 by the Nizam, who was initially a viceroy of the Mughal empire in the Deccan.

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Hyderabad State was founded by Mir Qamar-ud-din Khan who was the governor of Deccan under the Mughals from 1713 to 1721.

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Hyderabad State was the first Indian prince to sign such an agreement.

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In 1867, the Hyderabad State was divided into five divisions and seventeen districts, and subedars were appointed for the five Divisions and talukdars and tehsildars for the districts.

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Hyderabad State assumed full rule at the age of 17, and ruled until his death in 1911.

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Hyderabad State's reign saw the official language of Hyderabad State shift from Persian to Urdu, a change implemented in the 1880s during the short tenure of Prime Minister Salar Jung II.

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Hyderabad State abolished Sati where women used to jump into their husband's burning pyre, by issuing a royal firman.

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Hyderabad State was given the title "Faithful Ally of the British Empire".

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Hyderabad State only had the support of Winston Churchill and the British Conservatives.

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At 4 am on 13 September 1948, India's Hyderabad State Campaign, code-named "Operation Polo" by the Indian Army, began.

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The representative of Hyderabad State called for immediate action by the Security Council under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter.

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The Hyderabad State representative responded to India's excuse for the intervention by pointing out that the Stand-still Agreement between the two countries had expressly provided that nothing in it should give India the right to send in troops to assist in the maintenance of internal order.

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The Government of Hyderabad State resigned, and military governors and chief ministers were appointed by the Nizam at India's direction.

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Hyderabad State was a Senior Civil servant in the Government of India.

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Hyderabad State administered the state with the help of bureaucrats from Madras state and Bombay state.

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Wilfred Cantwell Smith states that Hyderabad was an area where the political and social structure from medieval Muslim rule had been preserved more or less intact into the modern times.

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Effectively, the Muslims of the Hyderabad State represented an 'upper caste' of the social structure.

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Hyderabad State ruled with the help of an Executive Council or Cabinet, established in 1893, whose members he was free to appoint and dismiss.

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Hyderabad State government had a large number of outsiders – 46,800 of them in 1933, including all the members of the Nizam's Executive Council.

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Hyderabad's first ruler, Asaf Jah I was a talented commander and assembled a powerful army that allowed Hyderabad to become one of the preeminent states in southern India.

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Stamps of the Hyderabad State featured the Golconda Fort, Ajanta Caves, and the Charminar.

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Architecture of Hyderabad State is very cosmopolitan in nature, and heavily influenced by European and Islamic styles.

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