21 Facts About Mughals


The Mughals themselves claimed ultimate descent from Mongol Empire founder Genghis Khan.

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Mughals established himself in Kabul and then pushed steadily southward into India from Afghanistan through the Khyber Pass.

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Mughals created a new ruling elite loyal to him, implemented a modern administration, and encouraged cultural developments.

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Mughals left his son an internally stable state, which was in the midst of its golden age, but before long signs of political weakness would emerge.

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Mughals "was addicted to opium, neglected the affairs of the state, and came under the influence of rival court cliques".

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Mughals's reign ushered in the golden age of Mughal architecture.

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Mughals's reign was called as "The Golden Age of Mughal Architecture".

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Mughals encouraged conversion to Islam, reinstated the jizya on non-Muslims, and compiled the Fatawa al-Alamgir, a collection of Islamic law.

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Mughals expanded the empire to include almost the whole of South Asia, but at his death in 1707, "many parts of the empire were in open revolt".

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Mughals'storians have offered numerous explanations for the rapid collapse of the Mughal Empire between 1707 and 1720, after a century of growth and prosperity.

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Mughals had multiple imperial capitals, established over the course of their rule.

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Mughals were responsible for building an extensive road system, creating a uniform currency, and the unification of the country.

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The empire had an extensive road network, which was vital to the economic infrastructure, built by a public works department set up by the Mughals which designed, constructed and maintained roads linking towns and cities across the empire, making trade easier to conduct.

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Mughals adopted and standardised the rupee and dam currencies introduced by Sur Emperor Sher Shah Suri during his brief rule.

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Mughals replaced the tribute system, previously common in India and used by Tokugawa Japan at the time, with a monetary tax system based on a uniform currency.

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Under the zabt system, the Mughals conducted extensive cadastral surveying to assess the area of land under plow cultivation, with the Mughal state encouraging greater land cultivation by offering tax-free periods to those who brought new land under cultivation.

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The Mughals introduced agrarian reforms, including the modern Bengali calendar.

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The Mughals expanded cultivated land in the Bengal delta under the leadership of Sufis, which consolidated the foundation of Bengali Muslim society.

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Mughals made a major contribution to the Indian subcontinent with the development of their unique Indo-Persian architecture.

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Muzaffar Alam argues that the Mughals used Persian purposefully as the vehicle of an overarching Indo-Persian political culture, to unite their diverse empire.

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Mughals was a notable writer who described the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II and the cities of Allahabad and Delhi in rich detail and made note of the glories of the Mughal Empire.

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