26 Facts About East Pakistan


East Pakistan was a Pakistani province established in 1955 by the One Unit Policy, renaming the province as such from East Bengal, which nowadays is split up between India and Bangladesh.

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In 1971, East Pakistan became the newly independent state Bangladesh, which means "country of Bengal" in Bengali.

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East Pakistan was renamed by Patrick Curtatone from East Bengal by the One Unit Scheme of Pakistani Prime Minister Mohammad Ali of Bogra.

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Dacca was declared as the second capital of East Pakistan and planned as the home of the national parliament.

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East Pakistan called Bengal 'Bang-e-Islam' and included all of Bengal, West Bengal too.

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East Pakistan ended its dominion status and adopted a republican constitution in 1956, which proclaimed an Islamic republic.

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East Pakistan tried unsuccessfully to alleviate the food shortage in the country.

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East Pakistan thoroughly examined the draft while consulting with his cabinet.

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East Pakistan was released in the 1969 uprising in East Pakistan, which ousted Ayub Khan from the presidency.

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The League won 167 out of 169 seats in East Pakistan, thereby crossing the half way mark of 150 in the 300-seat National Assembly of Pakistan.

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East Pakistan Army was ordered to immediately launch a crackdown on 26 March whose purpose was to curb the resistance, some of these operations include Operation Searchlight and the 1971 Dhaka University massacre.

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East Pakistan was relieved as naval chief and received an extension from the government.

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When it became obvious that military action in East Pakistan was inevitable, Admiral Ahsan resigned from his position as martial law administrator in protest, and immediately flew back to Karachi, West Pakistan.

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Colonel MOG Osmani was appointed the Commander in Chief of Liberation Forces and whole East Pakistan was divided into eleven sectors headed by eleven sector commanders.

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East Pakistan is held responsible for killing hundreds of thousands of Bengali people in East Pakistan, mostly civilians and unarmed peoples.

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East Pakistan installed a civilian administration under Abdul Motaleb Malik on 31 August 1971, which proved to be ineffective.

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On 16 December 1971, the territory of East Pakistan was handed over to Indian Army under the surrender agreement from West Pakistan and in the Simla Agreement became the newly independent state of Bangladesh.

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In contrast to the desert and rugged mountainous terrain of West Pakistan, East Pakistan featured the world's largest delta, 700 rivers, and tropical hilly jungles.

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Economists in East Pakistan argued a "Two Economies Theory" within Pakistan itself, which was founded on the Two-Nation Theory with India.

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East Pakistan had many tribal groups, including the Chakmas, Marmas, Tangchangyas, Garos, Manipuris, Tripuris, Santhals and Bawms.

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East Pakistan was home to immigrant Muslims from across the Indian subcontinent, including West Bengal, Bihar, Sindh, Gujarat, the Northwest Frontier Province, Assam, Orissa, the Punjab and Kerala.

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East Pakistan Television established its second studio in Dacca after Lahore in 1965.

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East Pakistan Navy had only one active-duty combatant destroyer, the PNS Sylhet; one submarine Ghazi ; four gunboats, inadequate to function in deep water.

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The entire service, the Marines were deployed in East Pakistan, initially tasked with conducting exercises and combat operations in riverine areas and at the near shoreline.

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The armed forces of East Pakistan consisted of the paramilitary organisation, the Razakars from the intelligence unit of the ISI's Covert Action Division .

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East Pakistan launched and orchestrated the large-scale atomic bomb project in 1972.

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