62 Facts About Dhaka


Dhaka, formerly known as Dacca, is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh, as well as the world's largest Bengali-speaking city.

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Dhaka is one of the major cities of South Asia and a major global Muslim-majority city.

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Dhaka was the capital of a proto-industrialised Mughal Bengal for 75 years .

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The Port of Dhaka was a major trading post for both riverine and seaborne trade.

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Beta-global city, Dhaka is the center of political, economic and culture life in Bangladesh.

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Dhaka was viewed with strategic importance due to the Mughal need to consolidate control in eastern Bengal.

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Dhaka became the capital of the Mughal province of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa in 1610 with a jurisdiction covering modern-day Bangladesh and eastern India, including the modern-day Indian states of West Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.

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Dhaka became one of the richest and greatest cities in the world during the early period of Bengal Subah .

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The prosperity of Dhaka reached its peak during the administration of governor Shaista Khan .

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Dhaka played a key role in the proto-industrialisation of Bengal.

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Dhaka was home to an array of Mughal bureaucrats and military officials, as well as members of the imperial family.

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Dhaka became home to one of the richest elites in Mughal India.

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Dhaka Division was one of the four divisions under the Nawabs of Bengal.

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Dhaka's fortunes received a boost with connections to the mercantile networks of the British Empire.

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Dhaka hosted factories of the English East India Company, the Dutch East India Company, and French East India Company.

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Dhaka saw an influx of migrants during the Mughal Empire.

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An Armenian community from the Safavid Empire settled in Dhaka and was involved in the city's textile trade, paying a 3.

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The Dhaka Cantonment was established as a base for the British Indian Army.

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Dhaka got its own version of the hansom cab as public transport in 1856.

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The first film shown in Dhaka was screened on the riverfront Crown Theatre on 17 April 1898.

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Dhaka became the seat of the Eastern Bengal and Assam Legislative Council.

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Dhaka was the seat of government for 4 administrative divisions, including the Assam Valley Division, Chittagong Division, Dacca Division, Rajshahi Division and the Surma Valley Division.

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The University of Dhaka was initially modelled on the residential style of the University of Oxford.

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Dhaka witnessed the surrender of the west Pakistan forces in front of the Bangladesh-India Allied Forces on 16 December 1971 with the surrender of Pakistan.

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Dhaka was declared the national capital by the Constituent Assembly of Bangladesh in 1972.

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The post-independence period witnessed rapid growth as Dhaka attracted migrant workers from across rural Bangladesh.

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Dhaka has hosted a trilateral summit between India, Pakistan and Bangladesh in 1998; the summit of the D-8 Organization for Economic Cooperation in 1999 and conferences of the Commonwealth, SAARC, the OIC and United Nations agencies during various years.

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Dhaka is one of the fastest growing megacities in the world.

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The first phase of the Dhaka Metro is planned for opening in December 2022, coinciding Bangladesh's victory day.

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Dhaka is located in central Bangladesh at, on the eastern banks of the Buriganga River.

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Dhaka District is bounded by the districts of Gazipur, Tangail, Munshiganj, Rajbari, Narayanganj, Manikganj.

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Old Dhaka is the "indigenous" commercial center, but most development has moved to the north.

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Dhaka is among the most congested cities in the world, and traffic was estimated to cost the local economy US$3.

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Water bodies and wetlands around Dhaka are facing destruction as these are being filled up to construct multi-storied buildings and other real estate developments.

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Municipality of Dhaka was founded on 1 August 1864 and upgraded to "Metropolitan" status in 1978.

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Unlike other megacities worldwide, Dhaka is serviced by over two dozen government organizations under different ministries.

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Dhaka has rising traffic congestion and inadequate infrastructure; the national government has recently implemented a policy for rapid urbanization of surrounding areas and beyond by the introduction of a ten-year relief on income tax for new construction of facilities and buildings outside Dhaka.

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Dhaka is home to a large number of Bihari refugees, who are descendants of migrant Muslims from eastern India during 1947 and settled down in East Pakistan.

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For much of recent history, Dhaka was characterized by roadside markets and small shops that sold a wide variety of goods.

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The Nawabi cuisine of Dhaka was notable for its patishapta dessert and the Kubali pulao.

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Dhaka has a style of Murg Pulao which uses turmeric and malai together.

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The jilapi of Dhaka are much thicker than counterparts in India and Pakistan.

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Architectural history of Dhaka can be subdivided into the Mughal, British and modern periods.

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Old Dhaka is home to over 2000 buildings built between the 16th and 19th centuries, which form an integral part of Dhaka's cultural heritage.

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Books published in Dhaka stirred discourse in the social and literary circles of Bengal.

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Dhaka is home to national newspapers, including Bengali newspapers like Prothom Alo, Ittefaq, Inqilab, Janakantha, and Jugantor; as well as English language newspapers The Daily Star, The Financial Express, The Business Standard, Dhaka Tribune, and New Age.

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Broadcast media based in Dhaka include Gaan Bangla, Banglavision, DBC News, Somoy TV, Independent TV and Ekattor.

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Dhaka has the largest number of schools, colleges and universities of any Bangladeshi city.

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Dhaka College is the oldest institution for higher education in the city and among the earliest established in British India, founded in 1841.

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Since independence, Dhaka has seen the establishment of numerous public and private colleges and universities that offer undergraduate and graduate degrees as well as a variety of doctoral programmes.

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In domestic Twenty20 cricket, Dhaka has a Bangladesh Premier League franchise known as Minister Dhaka.

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Dhaka has the distinction of having hosted the first official Test cricket match of the Pakistan cricket team in 1954 against India.

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Dhaka hosted the ICC Men's T20 World Cup, along with Chittagong and Sylhet, in 2014.

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The Bangabandhu National Stadium, known as the Dhaka Stadium, has been the main venue for the Bangladesh national football team and Bangladesh women's national football team, since 2005.

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Dhaka Stadium has hosted the SAFF Championship on three occasions.

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Dhaka has stadiums largely used for domestic events such as the Bangladesh Army Stadium, the Bir Sherestha Shaheed Shipahi Mostafa Kamal Stadium, the Dhanmondi Cricket Stadium, the Maulana Bhasani Hockey Stadium and the Outer Stadium Ground.

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Dhaka suffers some of the worst traffic congestion in the world.

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Dhaka is connected to the other parts of the country through highway and railway links.

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Dhaka is directly connected to the two longest routes of the Asian Highway Network: AH1 and AH2, as well as to the AH41 route.

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The Dhaka Elevated Expressway would run from Shahjalal International Airport-Kuril-Banani-Mohakhali-Tejgaon-Saatrasta-Moghbazar Rail Crossing-Khilgaon-Kamalapur-Golapbagh to Dhaka-Chittagong Highway at Kutubkhali Point.

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Dhaka Elevated Expressway is set to open in 2022 partially.

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Dhaka was introduced to Japanese automobiles in the late 1990's.

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