40 Facts About Bengal Sultanate


The Bengal Sultanate had a circle of vassal states, including Odisha in the southwest, Arakan in the southeast, and Tripura in the east.

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The Bengal Sultanate controlled large parts of the northern, eastern and northeastern subcontinent during its five dynastic periods, reaching its peak under Hussain Shahi dynasty.

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Bengal Sultanate was a Sunni Muslim monarchy with Turkic, Bengali, Arab, Abyssinian, Pashtun and Persian elites.

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The cities of the Bengal Sultanate are termed as Mint Towns where the historical taka was minted.

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The Bengal Sultanate was connected to states in Asia, Africa, the Indian Ocean, and Europe through maritime links and overland trade routes.

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The Bengal Sultanate was a major trading center on the coast of the Bay of Bengal.

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Bengal Sultanate was described by contemporary European and Chinese visitors as a prosperous kingdom.

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The Bengal Sultanate was the largest and most prestigious authority among the independent medieval Muslim-ruled states in the history of Bengal.

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The Delhi Sultans attempted to govern Bengal Sultanate through appointed governors Delhi could not succeed given the considerable overland distance with Bengal Sultanate.

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Bengal Sultanate unified the delta of Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna Rivers into the Sultanate of Bengal.

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Bengal Sultanate led the first Muslim army into Nepal, raided the Kathmandu Valley, and returned to Bengal with treasures.

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Bengal Sultanate controlled an area stretching from Assam in the east to Varanasi in the west.

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Bengal Sultanate became the eastern frontier kingdom among medieval Islamic states.

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Bengal Sultanate began to send embassies to Ming China, which continued as a tradition during the reigns of his successors.

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Bengal Sultanate exchanged letters and poetry with the Persian poet Hafez.

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The Bengal Sultanate Sultans pledged nominal allegiance to the Abbasid Caliphate in Cairo.

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The institutions founded by Abu Tawwama during the Delhi Sultanate were maintained by his successors in the Bengal Sultanate, including the Sufi preachers Ibrahim Danishmand, Saiyid Arif Billah Muhammad Kamel, Saiyid Muhammad Yusuf and others.

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The Sultan of Bengal Sultanate gave permission for establishing the Portuguese settlement in Chittagong.

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Absorption of Bengal Sultanate into the Mughal Empire was a gradual process.

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The Battle of Tukaroi in Orissa saw Mughal forces led by Akbar overwhelm the Bengal Sultanate's forces led by the last Sultan Daud Khan Karrani, resulting in the Treaty of Cuttack.

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In 1430, the Bengal Sultanate restored the Arakanese throne in Mrauk U after driving out Burmese invaders who came from Bagan.

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Bengal Sultanate defeated Burmese forces in Arakan and restored the Arakanese throne in 1430.

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Bengal Sultanate was overwhelmed during the pan-Indian invasion of Sher Shah Suri and became part of the Suri Empire.

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Economy of the Bengal Sultanate inherited earlier aspects of the Delhi Sultanate, including mint towns, a salaried bureaucracy and the jagirdar system of land ownership.

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Bengal Sultanate was more successful in perpetuating purely silver coinage than Delhi and other contemporary Asian and European governments.

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Bengal Sultanate relied on shiploads of cowry shell imports from the Maldives.

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Records show that the Bengal Sultanate exchanged embassies with states in China, Europe, Africa, Central Asia, South Asia and Southeast Asia.

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Bengal Sultanate gave consent to envoys from Portuguese India for setting up Portuguese trading posts in coastal areas.

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Many coins minted by the Bengal Sultanate bore the names of both the Bengali Sultans and the Abbasid Caliphs.

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Bengal Sultanate sent elephants as gifts to Sultan Malik Sarwar Khwajah-i-Jahan.

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Bengal Sultanate'storians have focused on Bengal's relations with Ming China during the early 15th century.

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Ming China considered Bengal Sultanate to be "rich and civilized" and one of the strongest countries in the entire chain of contacts between China and Asian states during the 15th century.

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Bengal Sultanate received settlers from North India, the Middle East and Central Asia.

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The earliest Persian work compiled in Bengal Sultanate was a translation of Amrtakunda from Sanskrit by Qadi Ruknu'd-Din Abu Hamid Muhammad bin Muhammad al-'Amidi of Samarqand, a famous Hanafi jurist and Sufi.

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The Indian state of West Bengal is home to two of the sultanate's former capitals Gaur and Pandua, as well as several notable structures including a watchtower, fortified walls and mausolea.

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Cities in the Bengal Sultanate had stately medieval architecture, particularly in the royal capitals of Gaur and Pandua.

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Urban architecture in the Bengal Sultanate was based on Arab, Bengali, Persian, Indo-Turkish, and Byzantine influences.

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The Bengal Sultanate roofs began appearing in concrete forms during the 15th century.

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The large number of mosques built during the Bengal Sultanate indicates the rapidity with which the local population converted to Islam.

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The highest concentration of mosques from the Bengal Sultanate can be found in the North Bengal regions of Bangladesh and Indian West Bengal.

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