13 Facts About Bagan


Bagan is an ancient city and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the Mandalay Region of Myanmar.

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Bagan Archaeological Zone is a main attraction for the country's nascent tourism industry.

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Bagan is the present-day standard Burmese pronunciation of the Burmese word Pugan, derived from Old Burmese Pukam.

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Mainstream scholarship however holds that Bagan was founded in the mid-to-late 9th century by the Mranma, who had recently entered the Irrawaddy valley from the Nanzhao Kingdom.

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From 1044 to 1287, Bagan was the capital as well as the political, economic and cultural nerve center of the Bagan Empire.

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The religion of Bagan was fluid, syncretic and by later standards, unorthodox.

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Bagan survived into the 15th century a human settlement, and as a pilgrimage destination throughout the imperial period.

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Bagan, located in an active earthquake zone, had suffered from many earthquakes over the ages, with over 400 recorded earthquakes between 1904 and 1975.

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Bagan today is a main tourist destination in the country's nascent tourism industry, which has long been the target of various boycott campaigns.

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On 6 July 2019, Bagan was officially inscribed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, after 24 years since the military government first nominated the city in 1995, during the 43rd session of the World Heritage Committee.

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The Bagan temple falls into one of two broad categories: the stupa-style solid temple and the gu-style hollow temple.

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Between Mandalay and Bagan there are two daily services each way that take at least 8 hours.

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Bagan is the center of Burmese lacquerware industry, which to a large degree depends on tourist demand.

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