18 Facts About Delhi Sultanate

1. Delhi Sultanate was an Islamic empire based in Delhi that stretched over large parts of South Asia for 320 years.

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2. In 1526, the Delhi Sultanate was conquered and succeeded by the Mughal Empire.

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3. Delhi Sultanate sought to carve out a principality for himself and expand the Islamic world.

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4. Delhi Sultanate attacked, defeated, and executed Taj al-Din Yildiz, who asserted his rights as heir to Mu'izz ad-Din Muhammad Ghori.

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5. Delhi Sultanate came to power after the Khalji revolution which marked the transfer of power from the monopoly of Turkic nobles to a heterogeneous Indo-Muslim nobility.

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6. Delhi Sultanate grew to eventually distrust the majority of his nobles and favored only a handful of his own slaves and family.

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7. Ghiyath al-Din ruled for five years and built a town near Delhi Sultanate named Tughlaqabad.

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8. Delhi Sultanate ordered a forced migration of the Muslim population of Delhi, including his royal family, the nobles, Syeds, Sheikhs and 'Ulema to settle in Daulatabad.

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9. Delhi Sultanate saw their role as propagandists who would adapt Islamic religious symbolism to the rhetoric of empire, and that the Sufis could by persuasion bring many of the inhabitants of the Deccan to become Muslim.

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10. Delhi Sultanate wrote that he did not tolerate attempts by Rafawiz Shia Muslim and Mahdi sects from proselytizing people into their faith, nor did he tolerate Hindus who tried to rebuild temples that his armies had destroyed.

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11. Delhi Sultanate looted the lands he crossed, then plundered and burnt Delhi.

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12. The people and lands within the Delhi Sultanate were left in a state of anarchy, chaos, and pestilence.

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13. In course of the late Sayyid dynasty, the Delhi Sultanate shrank until it became a minor power.

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14. The Delhi Sultanate continued the governmental conventions of the previous Hindu polities, claiming paramountcy of some of its subjects rather than exclusive supreme control.

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15. Economic policy of the Delhi Sultanate was characterized by greater government involvement in the economy relative to the Classical Hindu dynasties, and increased penalties for private businesses that broke government regulations.

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16. Major military contribution of the Delhi Sultanate was their successful campaigns in repelling the Mongol Empire's invasions of India, which could have been devastating for the Indian subcontinent, like the Mongol invasions of China, Persia and Europe.

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17. Many historians argue that the Delhi Sultanate was responsible for making India more multicultural and cosmopolitan.

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18. Armies of Delhi Sultanate led by Muslim Commander Malik Kafur plundered the Meenakshi Temple and looted it of its valuables.

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