28 Facts About Haryana


Haryana is an Indian state located in the northern part of the country.

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Haryana has 6 administrative divisions, 22 districts, 72 sub-divisions, 93 revenue tehsils, 50 sub-tehsils, 140 community development blocks, 154 cities and towns, 7, 356 villages, and 6, 222 villages panchayats.

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Haryana contains 32 special economic zones, mainly located within the industrial corridor projects connecting the National Capital Region.

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The economy of Haryana is the 13th largest in India, with a gross state domestic product of 7.

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Anthropologists came up with the view that Haryana was known by this name because in the post- Mahabharata period here lived the Abhiras who developed special skills in the art of agriculture.

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The south of Haryana is the claimed location of the Vedic Brahmavarta region.

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Haryana then sent a detachment to chase the fleeing Jats and killed 2, 000 of them while their wives and children were enslaved and their property plundered.

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The area that is Haryana has been ruled by some of the major empires of India.

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Haryana has the second largest Sikh population in India after Punjab, and they mostly live in the districts adjoining Punjab, such as Sirsa, Jind, Fatehabad, Kaithal, Kurukshetra, Ambala and Panchkula.

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Haryana has its own unique traditional folk music, folk dances, saang, cinema, belief system such as Jathera (ancestral worship), and arts such as Phulkari and Shisha embroidery.

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Haryana has 4 states and 2 union territories on its border – Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, and Chandigarh.

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Northern Haryana has several north-east to west flowing rivers originating from the Sivalik Hills of Himalayas, such as Ghaggar-Hakra, Chautang (paleochannel of vedic Drishadvati river, tributary of Ghagghar), Tangri river (tributary of Ghagghar), Kaushalya river (tributary of Ghagghar), Markanda River (tributary of Ghagghar), Sarsuti, Dangri, Somb river.

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Only hot spring of Haryana is the Sohna Sulphur Hot Spring at Sohna in Gurgaon district.

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The species of fauna found in the state of Haryana include black buck, nilgai, panther, fox, mongoose, jackal and wild dog.

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Haryana has 11 municipal corporations, 18 municipal councils and 52 municipalities.

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Haryana has become the first state to implement Aadhaar-enabled birth registration in all the districts.

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Haryana State has always given high priority to the expansion of electricity infrastructure, as it is one of the most important inputs for the development of the state.

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Rail network in Haryana is covered by five rail divisions under three rail zones.

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Bikaner railway division of North Western Railway zone manages rail network in western and southern Haryana covering Bhatinda-Dabwali-Hanumangarh line, Rewari-Bhiwani-Hisar-Bathinda line, Hisar-Sadulpur line and Rewari-Loharu-Sadulpur line.

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Jaipur railway division of North Western Railway zone manages the rail network in south-west Haryana covering Rewari-Reengas-Jaipur line, Delhi-Alwar-Jaipur line and Loharu-Sikar line.

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Delhi railway division of Northern Railway zone manages the rail network in north and east and central Haryana covering Delhi-Panipat-Ambala line, Delhi-Rohtak-Tohana line, Rewari–Rohtak line, Jind-Sonepat line and Delhi-Rewari line.

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Ambala railway division of Northern Railway zone manages a small part of the rail network in north-east Haryana covering Ambala-Yamunanagar line, Ambala-Kurukshetra line and UNESCO World Heritage Kalka–Shimla Railway.

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Haryana Government has its own statewide area network by which all government offices of 22 districts and 126 blocks across the state are connected with each other thus making it the first SWAN of the country.

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The state of Haryana has various Medical Colleges including Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences Rohtak, Bhagat Phool Singh Medical College in District Sonipat, ESIC Medical College, Faridabad along with notable private medical institutes like Medanta, Max Hospital, Fortis Healthcare.

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The Haryana government provides free education to women up to the bachelor's degree level.

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Haryana has 48 universities and 1, 038 colleges, including 115 government colleges, 88 government-aided colleges and 96 self-finance colleges.

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Demographically, Haryana has 471, 000 women and 457, 000 men pursuing post-secondary school higher education.

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Haryana is home to Haryana Gold, one of India's eight professional basketball teams which compete in the country's UBA Pro Basketball League.

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