30 Facts About Himachal Pradesh


Himachal Pradesh is the northernmost state of India and shares borders with the union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh to the north, and the states of Punjab to the west, Haryana to the southwest, Uttarakhand to the southeast and a very narrow border with Uttar Pradesh to the south.

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Himachal Pradesh is known as, meaning 'Land of Gods' and which means 'Land of the Brave'.

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Predominantly mountainous region comprising the present-day Himachal Pradesh has been inhabited since pre-historic times having witnessed multiple waves of human migrations from other areas.

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Himachal Pradesh is spread across valleys with many perennial rivers flowing through them.

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The foothills of the modern state of Himachal Pradesh were inhabited by people from the Indus valley civilisation which flourished between 2250 and 1750 BCE.

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Himachal Pradesh became a Part 'C' state on 26 January 1950 when Constitution of India came into effect and the Lieutenant Governor was appointed.

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On 18 December 1970, the State of Himachal Pradesh Act was passed by Parliament, and the new state came into being on 25 January 1971.

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Himachal Pradesh is in the western Himalayas situated between 30°22'N and 33°12'N latitude and 75°47'E and 79°04'E longitude.

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Himachal Pradesh provides water to both the Indus and Ganges basins.

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Himachal Pradesh is one of the states that lies in the Indian Himalayan Region, one of the richest reservoirs of biological diversity in the world.

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Himachal Pradesh is said to be the fruit bowl of the country, with orchards being widespread.

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Himachal Pradesh has around 463 bird, and Tragopan melanocephalus is the state bird of Himanchal Pradesh 77 mammalian, 44 reptile and 80 fish species.

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The state bird of Himachal Pradesh is the Western tragopan, locally known as the jujurana.

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Himachal Pradesh is governed through a parliamentary system of representative democracy, a feature the state shares with other Indian states.

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State of Himachal Pradesh is divided into 12 districts which are grouped into three divisions, Shimla, Kangra and Mandi.

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Era of planning in Himachal Pradesh started in 1951 along with the rest of India with the implementation of the first five-year plan.

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Apples from Himachal Pradesh are exported to other Indian states and even other countries.

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The rich hydropower resources of Himachal Pradesh have resulted in the state becoming almost universally electrified with around 94.

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Tourism in Himachal Pradesh is a major contributor to the state's economy and growth.

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Himachal Pradesh is known for its adventure tourism activities like ice skating in Shimla, paragliding in Bir Billing and Solang Valley, rafting in Kullu, skiing in Manali, boating in Bilaspur, fishing in Tirthan Valley, trekking and horse riding in different parts of the state.

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Himachal Pradesh hosted the first Paragliding World Cup in India from 24 to 31 October in 2015.

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Himachal Pradesh has three Domestic Airports in Kangra, Kullu and Shimla districts.

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Himachal Pradesh has a total population of 6, 864, 602 including 3, 481, 873 males and 3, 382, 729 females according to the Census of India 2011.

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Hindi is the official language of Himachal Pradesh and is spoken by the majority of the population as a lingua franca.

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Himachal Pradesh has the highest proportion of Hindu population among all the states and union territories in India.

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Himachal Pradesh was one of the few states that had remained largely untouched by external customs, largely due to its difficult terrain.

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Himachal Pradesh is a multilingual state like other Indian states.

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Main caste groups in Himachal Pradesh are Rajputs, Brahmins, Kanets, Kulindas, Girths, Raos, Rathis, Thakurs, Kolis, Hollis, Chamars, Drains, Rehars, Chanals, Lohars, Baris, Dagis, Dhakhis, Turis, Batwals.

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In meeting the constitutional obligation to make primary education compulsory, Himachal Pradesh became the first state in India to make elementary education accessible to every child.

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Himachal Pradesh is an exception to the nationwide gender bias in education levels.

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