25 Facts About Kashmir


Kashmir is the northernmost geographical region of the Indian subcontinent.

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Accordingly, Kashmir would be derived from either kashyapa-mir or kashyapa-meru (Kashyapa's Mountain).

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Kashmir is believed to be the country meant by Ptolemy's Kaspeiria.

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The earliest text which directly mentions the name Kashmir is in Ashtadhyayi written by the Sanskrit grammarian Panini during the 5th century BC.

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Some other early references to Kashmir can be found in Mahabharata in Sabha Parva and in puranas like Matsya Purana, Vayu Purana, Padma Purana and Vishnu Purana and Vishnudharmottara Purana.

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Kashmir is called Cachemire in French, Cachemira in Spanish, Caxemira in Portuguese, Caixmir in Catalan, Casmiria in Latin, Casmir in Romanian, and Cashmir in Occitan.

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In 1819, the Kashmir Valley passed from the control of the Durrani Empire of Afghanistan to the conquering armies of the Sikhs under Ranjit Singh of the Punjab.

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Kashmir had now begun to attract European visitors, several of whom wrote of the abject poverty of the vast Muslim peasantry and of the exorbitant taxes under the Sikhs.

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Kashmir became the second highest revenue earner for the Sikh Empire.

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Kashmir became a wealthy and influential noble in the Sikh court.

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Kashmir was neither as large nor as old an independent state as Hyderabad; it had been created rather off-handedly by the British after the first defeat of the Sikhs in 1846, as a reward to a former official who had sided with the British.

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Indian soldiers entered Kashmir and drove the Pakistani-sponsored irregulars from all but a small section of the state.

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The largest Muslim group, situated in the Valley of Kashmir and estimated to number more than half the population of the entire region, lay in Indian-administered territory, with its former outlets via the Jhelum valley route blocked.

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Eastern region of the former princely state of Kashmir is involved in a boundary dispute that began in the late 19th century and continues into the 21st.

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Kashmir is traversed by three rivers namely Indus, Jehlum and Chenab.

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Lower down in the Vale of Kashmir there are many freshwater lakes and large areas of swamplands which include Wular Lake, Dal Lake and Hokersar near Srinagar.

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Geographical features of the Kashmir region differ considerably from one part to another.

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Kashmir has a different climate for every region owing to the great variation of the level of the altitude.

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Southwestern Kashmir which includes much of the Jammu province and Muzaffarabad falls within the reach of Indian monsoon.

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Kashmir has a recorded forest area of 20, 230 square kilometres along with some national parks and reserves.

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The Kashmir region has four well defined zones of vegetation in the tree growth, due to the difference in elevation.

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Kashmir is referred as a beauty spot of the medicinal and herbaceous flora in the Himalayas.

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Kashmir region is home to rare species of animals, many of which are protected by sanctuaries and reserves.

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Group of Pandits, or Brahmin priests, in Kashmir, photographed by an unknown photographer in the 1890s.

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Irish poet Thomas Moore's 1817 romantic poem Lalla Rookh is credited with having made Kashmir "a household term in Anglophone societies", conveying the idea that it was a kind of paradise (an old idea going back to Hindu and Buddhist texts in Sanskrit).

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