Ladakh is a region administered by India as a union territory, which constitutes a part of the larger Kashmir region and has been the subject of dispute between India, Pakistan, and China since 1947.
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Ladakh is bordered by the Tibet Autonomous Region to the east, the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh to the south, both the Indian-administered union territory of Jammu and Kashmir and the Pakistan-administered Gilgit-Baltistan to the west, and the southwest corner of Xinjiang across the Karakoram Pass in the far north.
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Largest town in Ladakh is Leh, followed by Kargil, each of which headquarters a district.
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Ladakh is one of the most sparsely populated regions in India.
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Ladakh is the largest and the second least populous union territory of India.
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Rock carvings found in many parts of Ladakh indicate that the area has been inhabited from Neolithic times.
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Around the 1st century, Ladakh was a part of the Kushan Empire.
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Xuanzang's term of Ladakh is Mo-lo-so, which has been reconstructed by academics as *Malasa, *Marasa, or *Mrasa, which is believed to have been the original name of the region.
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Ladakh remained Buddhist and its culture was not yet Tibetan.
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Ladakh horsemen, depicted in Alchi Monastery, circa 13th century CE.
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Ladakh helped in spreading Shia Islam in Kashmir and converted the overwhelming majority of Muslims in Baltistan to his school of thought.
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Ladakh's was to be the first queen and her son was to become the next ruler.
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Ladakh was administered as a wazarat during the Dogra rule, with a governor termed wazir-e-wazarat.
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Ladakh region was divided into the Kargil and Leh districts in 1979.
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Ladakh is a high altitude desert as the Himalayas create a rain shadow, generally denying entry to monsoon clouds.
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Ladakh is home to the Tibetan gazelle, which inhabits the vast rangelands in eastern Ladakh bordering Tibet.
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The Hemis High Altitude National Park in central Ladakh is an especially good habitat for this predator as it has abundant prey populations.
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Each district of Ladakh is administered by an autonomous district council, they are:.
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The union territory of Ladakh has its own police force headed by a director general of police.
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Ladakh sends one member to the lower house of the Indian parliament the Lok Sabha.
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Moravian Mission opened a school in Leh in October 1889, and the Wazir-i Wazarat of Baltistan and Ladakh ordered that every family with more than one child should send one of them to school.
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In 1994 the Students' Educational and Cultural Movement of Ladakh launched Operation New Hope (ONH), a campaign to provide "culturally appropriate and locally relevant education" and make government schools more functional and effective.
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