30 Facts About Television licence


Television licence or broadcast receiving licence is a payment required in many countries for the reception of television broadcasts, or the possession of a television set where some broadcasts are funded in full or in part by the licence fee paid.

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In some countries, radio channels and broadcasters' websites are funded by a radio receiver Television licence, giving access to radio and web services free of commercial advertising.

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The majority of the Television licence fee is used to fund the national radio and TV broadcaster DR.

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However the Television licence is free to anyone over the age of 70, to some over 66, and to the blind .

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Licence applies to particular premises, so a separate licence is required for holiday homes or motor vehicles which contain a television.

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The Television licence must be paid for premises that have any equipment that can potentially decode TV signals, even those that are not RTE's.

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The Japanese Television licence fee pays for the national broadcaster, Nippon Hoso Kyokai .

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The proceeds of the Television licence fee are used to fund the Mauritius Broadcasting Corporation.

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The Television licence is collected and maintained by the Polish post office, Poczta Polska.

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Only one Television licence is required for a single household irrespective of the number of sets, but in case of commercial premises one Television licence for each set must be paid .

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In South Korea, the television licence fee is collected for the Korean Broadcasting System and the Educational Broadcasting System.

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The collection of Television licence fees is managed by the company Serafe AG, which is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the insurance collections agency Secon.

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Television licence is required for each household where television programmes are watched or recorded as they are broadcast, irrespective of the signal method .

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Radio Television licence fees were introduced in Australia in the 1920s to fund the first privately owned broadcasters, which were not permitted to sell advertising.

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Television licence fees were introduced in 1956 when the ABC began TV transmissions.

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All licence fees were abolished in 1974 by the Whitlam government on the basis that the near-universality of television and radio services meant that public funding was a fairer method of providing revenue for government-owned radio and television broadcasters.

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Only one Television licence was needed for each household with a functional TV receiver regardless of the number, but each car with a radio had to have a separate car radio Television licence.

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Hong Kong had a radio and television licence fee imposed by Radio Hong Kong and Rediffusion Television.

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The Television licence fee was the primary source of revenue for the Israel Broadcasting Authority, the state broadcaster, which was closed down and replaced by the Israeli Broadcasting Corporation in May 2017; however, its radio stations carry full advertising and some TV programmes are sponsored by commercial entities and the radio Television licence for 2020 is ? 164 .

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Malta's television licence was abolished in 2011 when the free-to-air system was discontinued.

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The licence fee was charged on a per household basis; therefore, addresses with more than one television receiver generally only required a single licence.

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The Television licence fee makes up part of Televiziunea Romana's funding, with the rest coming from advertising and government grants.

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The current state broadcaster, China Central Television licence, established in 1958, is funded almost entirely through the sale of commercial advertising time, although this is supplemented by government funding and a tax of ¥2 per month from all cable television subscribers in the country.

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The introduction of a television licence has been previously debated, but this was opposed by the government.

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The current state broadcaster, Vietnam Television licence, receives the majority of its funds through advertising and partly from government subsidies.

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Advocates argue that one of the main advantages of television fully funded by a licence fee is that programming can be enjoyed without interruptions for advertisements.

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Television licence funded by advertising is not truly free of cost to the viewer, since the advertising is used mostly to sell mass-market items, and the cost of mass-market goods includes the cost of TV advertising, such that viewers effectively pay for TV when they purchase those products.

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Critics of receiver licensing point out that a Television licence is a regressive form of taxation, because poor people pay more for the service in relation to income.

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That is, they believe that the disadvantages of having a Television licence fee are less than the disadvantages of all other methods.

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Czech Republic has increased the proportion of funding that the public broadcaster gets from Television licence fees, justifying the move with the argument that the existing public service broadcasters cannot compete with commercial broadcasters for advertising revenues.

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