29 Facts About Rajasthan


Rajasthan is home to three national tiger reserves, the Ranthambore National Park in Sawai Madhopur, Sariska Tiger Reserve in Alwar and the Mukundra Hills Tiger Reserve in Kota.

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The economy of Rajasthan is the seventh-largest state economy in India with 10.

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Rajasthan literally means "The Land of Kings" and is a portmanteau of Sanskrit "Raja" and Sanskrit "Sthana"(Land) or Persian "St(h)an" with the same meaning.

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The oldest reference to Rajasthan is found in a stone inscription dated back to 625 CE.

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The first printed mention of the name Rajasthan appears in the 1829 publication Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan or the Central and Western Rajpoot States of India, while the earliest known record of Rajputana as a name for the region is in George Thomas's 1800 memoir Military Memories.

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Parts of what is Rajasthan were partly part of the Vedic Civilisation and the Indus Valley civilization.

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Matsya kingdom of the Vedic civilisation of India is said to roughly corresponded to the former state of Jaipur in Rajasthan and included the whole of Alwar with portions of Bharatpur.

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Rajasthan conquered Jaisalmer, parts of Gujarat, Jalore, Nagaur, Ajmer, Sanchore, Bhinmal, Radhanpur, Bayana, Tonk, Toda and Nabhara.

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Rajasthan expanded the territories of Marwar up to Sindh-Cholistan in west and his northern boundary was just fifty km from Delhi.

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Rajasthan defeated Chiefs of Rathore army by trickery in Battle of Sammel and captured some territory of Marwar but it was recovered by Rathores in 1545.

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Rajasthan won 22 battles against Afghans, from Punjab to Bengal including the states of Ajmer and Alwar in Rajasthan, and defeated Akbar's forces twice, first at Agra and then at Delhi in 1556 at Battle of Delhi before acceding to the throne of Delhi and establishing the "Hindu Raj" in North India, albeit for a short duration, from Purana Quila in Delhi.

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Maharana Pratap soon became the most celebrated warrior of Rajasthan and became famous all over India for his sporadic warfare and noble actions.

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Geographic features of Rajasthan are the Thar Desert and the Aravalli Range, which runs through the state from southwest to northeast, almost from one end to the other, for more than 850 kilometres.

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Eastern and southeastern Rajasthan is drained by the Banas and Chambal rivers, tributaries of the Ganges.

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Rajasthan is noted for its national parks and wildlife sanctuaries.

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Major internet service provider and telecom companies are present in Rajasthan including Airtel, Data Infosys Limited, Reliance Limited, Idea, Jio, RailTel Corporation of India, Software Technology Parks of India (STPI), Tata Telecom and Vodafone.

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Politics of Rajasthan are dominated mainly by the Bharatiya Janata Party and the Indian National Congress.

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Rajasthan is among the largest producers of edible oils in India and the second-largest producer of oilseeds.

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Rajasthan is the biggest wool-producing state in India and the main opium producer and consumer.

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Rajasthan is the second-largest producer of polyester fibre in India.

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Rajasthan is a part of the Mumbai-Delhi Industrial corridor set to benefit economically.

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Rajasthan has an inter-city surface transport system both in terms of railways and bus network.

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Rajasthan is connected with the main cities of India by rail.

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Rajasthan is well-connected to the main cities of the country including Delhi, Ahmedabad and Indore by state and national highways and served by Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation and private operators.

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The state of Rajasthan is populated by Sindhis, who came to Rajasthan from Sindh province during the India-Pakistan separation in 1947.

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Thus, pickles of Rajasthan are quite famous for their tangy and spicy flavour.

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The tourism industry in Rajasthan is growing effectively each year and is becoming one of the major income sources for the state government.

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Rajasthan is home to many attractions for domestic and foreign travellers, including the forts and palaces of Jaipur, the lakes of Udaipur, the temples of Rajsamand and Pali, sand dunes of Jaisalmer and Bikaner, Havelis of Mandawa and Fatehpur, the wildlife of Sawai Madhopur, the scenic beauty of Mount Abu, the tribes of Dungarpur and Banswara, and the cattle fair of Pushkar.

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Rajasthan is known for its customs, culture, colours, majestic forts, and palaces, folk dances and music, local festivals, local food, sand dunes, carved temples and beautiful Havelis.

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