15 Facts About North India


North India is a loosely defined region consisting of the northern part of India.

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The dominant geographical features of North India are the Indo-Gangetic Plain and the Himalayas, which demarcate the region from the Tibetan Plateau and Central Asia.

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North India has been the historical centre of the Mughal Empire, the Delhi Sultanate and the British Indian Empire.

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North India has the third-largest gross domestic product than any other region in India.

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Languages that have official status in one or more of the states and union territories located in North India are Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi, Gujarati, Marathi, Kashmiri, Dogri, and English.

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In contrast, the Geological Survey of India included Uttar Pradesh and Delhi in its Northern Region, but excluded Rajasthan and Chandigarh, with a regional headquarters in Lucknow.

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North India is one of the most climatically diverse regions on Earth.

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People of North India mostly belong to the Indo-Aryan ethno linguistic branch, and include various social groups such as Brahmins, Rajputs, Banias, Jats, Rors, Gurjars, Kolis, Yadavs, Khatris, Kambojs and Dalits.

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Composite culture of North India is known as Ganga-Jamuni tehzeeb, a result of the amicable interaction of Hindus and Muslims there.

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Animal species in North India include elephant, bengal tiger, indian leopard, snow leopard, sambar, chital (spotted deer), hangul (red deer), hog deer, chinkara (Indian gazelle), blackbuck, nilgai (blue bull antelope), porcupine, wild boar, Indian fox, Tibetan sand fox, rhesus monkey, langur, jungle cat, striped hyena, golden jackal, black bear, Himalayan brown bear, sloth bear, and the endangered caracal.

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North India includes several national parks such as the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, Jim Corbett National Park, Keoladeo National Park and Ranthambore National Park.

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North India encompasses several of the holiest pilgrimage centres of Hinduism, the most sacred destinations of Buddhism (Bodh Gaya, Sarnath and Kushinagar), the most regarded pilgrimage centres of Sikhism (Amritsar and Hemkund) and some of the highly regarded destinations in Sufi Islam (Ajmer and Delhi).

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North India includes some highly regarded historical, architectural and archaeological treasures of India.

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Several parts of North India have prospered as a consequence of the Green Revolution, including Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh, and have experienced both economic and social development.

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The technology boom that occurred in the past three decades in southern India has helped many Indians from the northern region to find jobs and live prosperous lives in southern cities.

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