42 Facts About Lucknow


Lucknow is the capital and the largest city of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and it is the second largest urban agglomeration in Uttar Pradesh.

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Lucknow is the administrative headquarters of the eponymous district and division.

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Lucknow has always been a multicultural city that flourished as a North Indian cultural and artistic hub, and the seat of power of Nawabs in the 18th and 19th centuries.

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Awadh's capital, Lucknow rose to prominence when Asaf-ud-Daula, the fourth Nawab, shifted his court to the city from Faizabad in 1775.

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Lucknow became a puppet king, and in a treaty of 1801, yielded large part of Awadh to the East India Company while agreeing to disband his own troops in favour of a hugely expensive, British-controlled army.

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Lucknow was one of the major centres of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and actively participated in India's independence movement, emerging as a strategically important North Indian city.

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Lucknow witnessed some of the pivotal moments in the history of India.

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Culturally, Lucknow has had a tradition of courtesans, with popular culture distilling it in the avatar of the fictional Umrao Jaan.

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Lucknow is known for its dasheri mangoes, which are exported to many countries.

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Lucknow is ranked sixth in a list of the ten fastest growing job-creating cities in India according to a study conducted by Assocham Placement Pattern, Lucknow's economy was formerly based on the tertiary sector and the majority of the workforce were employed as government servants.

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Lucknow has promoted public-private partnerships in sectors such as electricity supply, roads, expressways, and educational ventures.

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Lucknow division which consists of six districts, and is headed by the Divisional Commissioner of Lucknow, who is an IAS officer of high seniority, the Commissioner is the head of local government institutions in the division, is in charge of infrastructure development in his division, and is responsible for maintaining law and order in the division.

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Lucknow district administration is headed by the District Magistrate of Lucknow, who is an IAS officer.

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Lucknow is divided into five zones, each headed by a Deputy Commissioner of Police.

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Lucknow is the center for 1090 Women Power line, a call center based service directed at dealing with eve-teasing.

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Since 1 May 1963, Lucknow has been the headquarters of the Central Command of the Indian Army, before which it was the headquarters of Eastern Command.

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Kanpur Lucknow Roadways Service is a key service for daily commuters who travel back and forth to the city for business and educational purposes.

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Lucknow is served by several railway stations in different parts of the city.

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Lucknow Metro is a rapid transit system which started its operations from 6 September 2017.

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Lucknow is among the most bicycle-friendly cities in Uttar Pradesh.

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Sex ratio in Lucknow city stood at 915 females per 1000 males in 2011, compared to the 2001 census figure of 888.

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Lucknow's buildings show different styles of architecture with the many iconic buildings built during the British and Mughal era.

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Awadhi, a dialect of the Hindi dialect continuum, is the native dialect of Lucknow and has played an important role in Lucknow's history and is still used in the city's rural areas and by the urban population on the streets.

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The reputation of Lucknow's kebabs is not limited to the local population and the dish attracts people from other cities as well as other countries.

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Lucknow is known for its chaats, street food, kulfi, paan and sweets.

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Lucknow'sermal is a type of sweet bread prepared in Lucknow.

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Lucknow Festival is organised every year to showcase Uttar Pradesh art and culture and to promote tourism.

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The first Lucknow Festival was staged as a part of this promotion and ever since, with some exceptions, Lucknow Mahotsava has taken place annually.

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Lucknow LitFest is India's second-largest literature festival featuring some of the greatest writers and thinkers from across the globe.

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Lucknow is the home city of the eminent ghazal singer Begum Akhtar.

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Bhatkande Music Institute University at Lucknow is named after the musician Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande Bhartendu Academy of Dramatic Arts, known as Bhartendu Natya Academy, is a theatre-training institute situated at Gomti Nagar.

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Lucknow is the birthplace of musicians including Naushad, Talat Mahmood, Anup Jalota and Baba Sehgal as well as British pop celebrity Sir Cliff Richard.

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Lucknow is known for embroidery works including chikankari, zari, zardozi, kamdani and gota making .

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Lucknow was ranked "India's second happiest city" in a survey conducted by IMRB International and LG Corporation, after only Chandigarh.

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Lucknow was found to be better than other cities in areas such as food, transit and overall citizen satisfaction.

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The National P G College, affiliated to the University of Lucknow, was ranked as the second-best college imparting formal education in the country by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council in 2014.

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Some of Uttar Pradesh's major schools are located in Lucknow including Delhi Public School having its branches in Eldeco, Indiranagar.

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La Martiniere Lucknow, founded in 1845, is the only school in the world to have been awarded a battle honour.

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Lucknow has a sports college named Guru Gobind Singh Sports College.

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Pioneer newspaper, headquartered in Lucknow and started in 1865, is the second-oldest English-language newspaper in India still in production.

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Lucknow is the headquarters for the Badminton Association of India.

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In October 2021, an IPL franchise based in Lucknow was officially formed and was later named Lucknow Super Giants.

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