28 Facts About Chandigarh


Chandigarh is a city, district and union territory in India that serves as the joint capital of the two neighbouring states of Punjab and Haryana.

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Chandigarh is bordered by the state, the west and the south, and by the state of Haryana to the east.

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Chandigarh is one of the earliest planned cities in post-independence India and is internationally known for its architecture and urban design.

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Chandigarh has grown greatly since its initial construction, and has driven the development of two satellite cities in its neighbouring states.

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Chandigarh ended up being located on the border of the two states, and both of them moved to incorporate the city into their respective territories.

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However, the city of Chandigarh was controlled directly by the central government and was to serve as the shared capital of the two states until a resolution could be reached.

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Present-day Chandigarh was the site of a short-lived late 18th-century principality, with a small fort at Mani Majra.

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Chandigarh is located by the foothills of the Shivalik Range of the Himalayas in northwest India.

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Many trees in Chandigarh are given the status of the natural heritage of the city.

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The Chandigarh government has identified a list of 31 trees as Heritage Trees.

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The Roman Catholic Diocese of Simla and Chandigarh serves the Catholics of the city, with a co-cathedral in the city.

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Chandigarh, is in Punjab region State Assembly elections are not held and it is directly controlled by the central government.

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One seat for Chandigarh is allocated in the Lok Sabha elections held every five years.

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Prime responsibilities of the civic body Municipal Corporation Chandigarh, are to ensure cleanliness and sanitation in the city, illumination of street lights, maintenance of parks, and sewerage disposal.

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In 2021, Chandigarh fell 66 positions in the list of cleanest cities in India, once a point of pride for the city.

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Chandigarh has been rated as one of the "Wealthiest Towns" of India.

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Chandigarh has the largest number of vehicles per capita in India.

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The Chandigarh Transport Undertaking operates public transport buses from its Inter State Bus Terminals (ISBT) in Sectors 17 and 43 of the city.

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Chandigarh is well-connected by road to the following nearby cities, by the following highway routes:.

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Chandigarh Airport has scheduled commercial flights to the major cities of India.

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For Nehru, Chandigarh represented a vision for how a new planned city could be a canvas for the regeneration of the nation itself after centuries of oppression under British colonial rule and the dilution of Indian character from the nation's towns.

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The construction of a new town in Chandigarh was determined to be the best option due to its relative strength in these factors as well as its proximity to the national capital, New Delhi, its central location within the state of Punjab, its abundance of fecund land and its beautiful natural landscape.

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Chandigarh is the first example of a state-funded master-planned modernisation scheme.

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Chandigarh was for Nehru and Le Corbusier an embodiment of the egalitarian potential offered by modernism, where the machine age would complete the liberation of the nation's citizens through the productive capacity of industrial technology and the relative ease of constructing civic facilities such as dams, hospitals, and schools; the very antithesis of the conservative and traditional legacy of colonialism.

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Post-colonialism of Chandigarh is rooted in the transformation of the political ideas of those such as Nehru who generated a new Indian nationalism through the design of newly built forms.

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These developments are credited as the beginning of a "Chandigarh architecture", inspiring gradual experimentation with form and an "Indianising" of the International Style which precipitated the formation of the country's new cultural identity in town design.

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Claims have been made that the focus on Corbusier's architect-centred discourse erases the plural authorship of the narrative of Chandigarh's development, arguing that it was, in fact, hybridity of values and of "contested modernities" of Western and indigenous Indian origin and cultural exchanges rather than an uncontested administrative enterprise.

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Furthermore, the early over-saturation of the minimalist International Style in building design in Chandigarh has attracted criticisms of effecting a "democratic, self-effacing banality", though this criticism is perhaps negligent of how this was necessary for galvanising higher standards of urban living throughout the country.

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