18 Facts About Kolkata

1. The Port of Kolkata is India's oldest operating port and its sole major riverine port.

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2. Kolkata is home to eastern India's film industry, known as Tollywood, and cultural institutions, such as the Academy of Fine Arts, the Victoria Memorial, the Asiatic Society, the Indian Museum, and the National Library of India.

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3. Kolkata's recorded history began in 1690 with the arrival of the English East India Company, which was consolidating its trade business in Bengal.

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4. Kolkata is located over the "Bengal basin", a pericratonic tertiary basin.

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5. South Kolkata developed after India gained independence in 1947; it includes upscale neighbourhoods such as Bhawanipore, Alipore, Ballygunge, Kasba, Dhakuria, Santoshpur, Garia, Golf Green, Tollygunge, New Alipore, Behala, Barisha etc.

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6. Kolkata is subject to a tropical wet-and-dry climate that is designated Aw under the Koppen climate classification.

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7. Kolkata is the commercial and financial hub of East and North-East India and home to the Calcutta Stock Exchange.

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8. The Jewish population of Kolkata was 5,000 during World War II, but declined after Indian independence and the establishment of Israel; by 2013, there were 25 Jews in the city.

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9. Kolkata is the only Indian city with a tram network, which was operated by the Calcutta Tramways Company.

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10. Port of Kolkata, established in 1870, is India's oldest and the only major river port.

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11. The total fertility rate in Kolkata was 1.4, the lowest among the eight cities surveyed.

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12. The infant mortality rate in Kolkata was live births, and the mortality rate for children under five was live births.

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13. The proportion of malnourished, anaemic and underweight children in Kolkata was less in comparison to other surveyed cities.

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14. Kolkata is known for its literary, artistic and revolutionary heritage; as the former capital of India, it was the birthplace of modern Indian literary and artistic thought.

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15. Kolkata is the home of the Bengali cinema industry, dubbed "Tollywood" for Tollygunj, where most of the state's film studios are located.

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16. Major periodicals based in Kolkata include Desh, Sananda, Saptahik Bartaman, Unish-Kuri, Anandalok and Anandamela.

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17. Kolkata is home to Indian Premier League franchise Kolkata Knight Riders and the Bengal cricket team; the Cricket Association of Bengal, which regulates cricket in West Bengal, is based in the city.

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18. Kolkata, considered the leading centre of rugby union in India, gives its name to the oldest international tournament in rugby union, the Calcutta Cup.

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