34 Facts About Kolkata


The Port of Kolkata is India's oldest operating port and its sole major riverine port.

FactSnippet No. 616,757

Kolkata is home to eastern India's film industry, known as Tollywood, and cultural institutions, such as the Academy of Fine Arts, the Victoria Memorial, the Asiatic Society, the Indian Museum, and the National Library of India.

FactSnippet No. 616,758

Kolkata's recorded history began in 1690 with the arrival of the English East India Company, which was consolidating its trade business in Bengal.

FactSnippet No. 616,759

Kolkata's warning went unheeded, and the Nawab attacked; he captured Fort William which led to the killings of several East India company officials in the Black Hole of Calcutta.

FactSnippet No. 616,760

The remaining undeveloped areas, known as the East Kolkata Wetlands, were designated a "wetland of international importance" by the Ramsar Convention.

FactSnippet No. 616,761

Kolkata is located over the "Bengal basin", a pericratonic tertiary basin.

FactSnippet No. 616,762

Kolkata, which is under the jurisdiction of the Kolkata Municipal Corporation, has an area of 206.

FactSnippet No. 616,763

South Kolkata developed after India gained independence in 1947; it includes upscale neighbourhoods such as Bhawanipore, Alipore, Ballygunge, Kasba, Dhakuria, Santoshpur, Garia, Golf Green, Tollygunge, New Alipore, Behala, Barisha etc.

FactSnippet No. 616,764

Two planned townships in the greater Kolkata region are Bidhannagar, known as Salt Lake City and located north-east of the city; and Rajarhat, called New Town and located east of Bidhannagar.

FactSnippet No. 616,765

Kolkata is subject to a tropical wet-and-dry climate that is designated Aw under the Koppen climate classification.

FactSnippet No. 616,766

Kolkata has been hit by several cyclones; these include systems occurring in 1737 and 1864 that killed thousands.

FactSnippet No. 616,767

Kolkata is the commercial and financial hub of East and North-East India and home to the Calcutta Stock Exchange.

FactSnippet No. 616,768

Once India's leading city, Kolkata experienced a steady economic decline in the decades following India's independence due to steep population increases and a rise in militant trade-unionism, which included frequent strikes that were backed by left-wing parties.

FactSnippet No. 616,769

The Jewish population of Kolkata was 5, 000 during World War II, but declined after Indian independence and the establishment of Israel; by 2013, there were 25 Jews in the city.

FactSnippet No. 616,770

The city has an apolitical titular post, that of the Sheriff of Kolkata, which presides over various city-related functions and conferences.

FactSnippet No. 616,771

Kolkata has lower courts: the Court of Small Causes and the City Civil Court decide civil matters; the Sessions Court rules in criminal cases.

FactSnippet No. 616,772

The Kolkata Police, headed by a police commissioner, is overseen by the West Bengal Ministry of Home Affairs.

FactSnippet No. 616,773

Kolkata has rail and road connectivity with Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh.

FactSnippet No. 616,774

Kolkata is the only Indian city with a tram network, which was operated by the Calcutta Tramways Company.

FactSnippet No. 616,775

Almost all of Kolkata's taxis are antiquated Hindustan Ambassadors by make; newer air-conditioned radio taxis are in service as well.

FactSnippet No. 616,776

The Kolkata Metro has somewhat eased traffic congestion, as has the addition of new roads and flyovers.

FactSnippet No. 616,777

Port of Kolkata, established in 1870, is India's oldest and the only major river port.

FactSnippet No. 616,778

The infant mortality rate in Kolkata was live births, and the mortality rate for children under five was live births.

FactSnippet No. 616,779

Kolkata is one of the districts in India with a high number of people with AIDS; it has been designated a district prone to high risk.

FactSnippet No. 616,780

Kolkata's schools are run by the state government or private organisations, many of which are religious.

FactSnippet No. 616,781

Kolkata is known for its literary, artistic and revolutionary heritage; as the former capital of India, it was the birthplace of modern Indian literary and artistic thought.

FactSnippet No. 616,782

Kolkata has been called the "City of Furious, Creative Energy" as well as the "cultural [or literary] capital of India".

FactSnippet No. 616,783

Kolkata has many buildings adorned with Indo-Islamic and Indo-Saracenic architectural motifs.

FactSnippet No. 616,784

Kolkata is the home of the Bengali cinema industry, dubbed "Tollywood" for Tollygunj, where most of the state's film studios are located.

FactSnippet No. 616,785

Key elements of Kolkata's cuisine include rice and a fish curry known as machher jhol, which can be accompanied by desserts such as roshogolla, sandesh, and a sweet yoghurt known as mishti dohi.

FactSnippet No. 616,786

Major periodicals based in Kolkata include Desh, Sananda, Saptahik Bartaman, Unish-Kuri, Anandalok and Anandamela.

FactSnippet No. 616,787

Kolkata has 10 local radio stations broadcasting on FM, including three from AIR.

FactSnippet No. 616,788

Kolkata is home to Indian Premier League franchise Kolkata Knight Riders and the Bengal cricket team; the Cricket Association of Bengal, which regulates cricket in West Bengal, is based in the city.

FactSnippet No. 616,789

Kolkata, considered the leading centre of rugby union in India, gives its name to the oldest international tournament in rugby union, the Calcutta Cup.

FactSnippet No. 616,790