47 Facts About Mali Empire


Mali Empire was an empire in West Africa from c 1226 to 1670.

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At its peak, Mali was the largest empire in West Africa, widely influencing the culture of the region through the spread of its language, laws and customs.

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Much of the recorded information about the Mali Empire comes from 14th-century Tunisian historian Ibn Khaldun, 14th-century Moroccan traveller Ibn Battuta and 16th-century Andalusian traveller Leo Africanus.

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Mali Empire began as a small Mandinka kingdom at the upper reaches of the Niger River, centered around the Manding.

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The early history of the Mali Empire is unclear, as there are conflicting and imprecise accounts by both Arab chroniclers and oral traditionalists.

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Mali Empire made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca from 1324 to 1326.

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Whether Mali originated as the name of a town or region, the name was applied to the entire empire ruled from Mali.

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Imperial Mali Empire is best known through three primary sources: the first is the account of Shihab al-'Umari, written in about 1340 by a geographer-administrator in Mamluk Egypt.

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Mali Empire had first-hand information from several sources, and from a second-hand source, he learned of the visit of Mansa Musa.

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Arab interest in the Mali Empire declined after the Songhai conquered the northern regions of the empire which formed the primary contact between Mali and the Arab world.

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Mali Empire began in and was centered around the Manding region in what is southern Mali and northeastern Guinea.

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Mali Empire reached its largest area under the Laye Keita mansas.

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Al-Umari, who wrote down a description of Mali Empire based on information given to him by Abu Sa'id 'Otman ed Dukkali, reported the realm as being square and an eight-month journey from its coast at Tura to Muli.

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Mali Empire describes it as being north of Mali but under its domination implying some sort of vassalage for the Antasar, Yantar'ras, Medussa and Lemtuna Berber tribes.

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Identity of the capital city of the Mali Empire is a matter of dispute among historians.

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Mali Empire's was a hunchback from the land of Do, south of Mali.

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Mali Empire was crowned under the throne name Sunidata Keita becoming the first Mandinka emperor.

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Mali Empire went on the hajj during the reign of Mamluk sultan Baibars .

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Mali Empire was replaced by Abu Bakr, a son of Sunjata's daughter.

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Under his leadership, Mali Empire conquered new territories and trade with North Africa increased.

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Mali Empire went on the hajj during the reign of Mamluk sultan an-Nasir Muhammad and was killed in Tajura on his way back to Mali.

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Mali Empire left Kanku Musa, a grandson of Sunjata's brother Mande Bori, in charge during his absence.

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Mali Empire was one of the first truly devout Muslims to lead the Mali Empire.

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Mali Empire attempted to make Islam the faith of the nobility, but kept to the imperial tradition of not forcing it on the populace.

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Mali Empire made Eid celebrations at the end of Ramadan a national ceremony.

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Mali Empire could read and write Arabic and took an interest in the scholarly city of Timbuktu, which he peaceably annexed in 1324.

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Mali Empire ruled oppressively and nearly bankrupted Mali with his lavish spending.

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Mali Empire did however, maintain contacts with Morocco, sending a giraffe to King Abu Hassan.

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Mali Empire did not hold the power of previous mansas because of the influence of his kankoro-sigui.

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Still, by the time of Mansa Musa Keita II's death in 1387, Mali Empire was financially solvent and in control of all of its previous conquests short of Gao and Dyolof.

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Mali Empire was deposed in 1389, marking the end of the Faga Laye Keita mansas.

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Mali Empire's reign saw the first in a string of many great losses to Mali.

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The new Songhai Empire conquered Mema, one of Mali's oldest possessions, in 1465.

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Mali Empire came to power around 1496 and has the dubious honour of being the mansa under which Mali suffered the most losses to its territory.

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The Kaabu Empire appears as ambitions as Mali was in its early years and conquers Mali's remaining Gambian provinces of Cassa and Bati.

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The Songhai Empire keeps Mali's ambitions in check, but never fully conquers the empire, their former masters.

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Mali Empire's descendants are blamed for the breakup of Manden into north, central and southern realms.

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Twelve Doors of Mali Empire were a coalition of conquered or allied territories, mostly within Manden, with sworn allegiance to Sundiata and his descendants.

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Mali Empire covered a larger area for a longer period of time than any other West African state before or since.

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Mali Empire had so much gold that during his hajj to Mecca, the Mansa passed out gold to all the poor along the way.

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Mali Empire flourished especially when Timbuktu came under Mansa Musa's control.

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Mali Empire was thriving for a long time, but like other west African kingdoms, Mali Empire began to fall.

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The Sahelian and Saharan towns of the Mali Empire were organised as both staging posts in the long-distance caravan trade and trading centres for the various West African products.

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Mali Empire borrowed the practice to stem inflation of the substance, since it was so prominent in the region.

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Mali Empire maintained a semi-professional, full-time army in order to defend its borders.

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Army of the Mali Empire used of a wide variety of weapons depending largely on where the troops originated.

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Imperial Mali Empire's horsemen used iron helmet and mail armour for defence as well as shields similar to those of the infantry.

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