30 Facts About Mecca


Mecca is generally considered "the fountainhead and cradle of Islam".

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Mecca is revered in Islam as the birthplace of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.

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The Great Mosque of Mecca, known as the Masjid al-Haram, is home to the Ka'bah, believed by Muslims to have been built by Abraham and Ishmael.

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Since then, Mecca has seen a tremendous expansion in size and infrastructure, with newer, modern buildings such as the Abraj Al Bait, the world's fourth-tallest building and third-largest by floor area, towering over the Great Mosque.

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Nonetheless, Mecca is the familiar form of the English transliteration for the Arabic name of the city.

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Early history of Mecca is still largely disputed, as there are no unambiguous references to it in ancient literature prior to the rise of Islam.

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Mecca'storian Patricia Crone has cast doubt on the claim that Mecca was a major historical trading outpost.

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However, other scholars such as Glen W Bowersock disagree and assert that Mecca was a major trading outpost.

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Mecca suggests that most of these goods were destined for the Roman army, which is known to have required colossal quantities of leather and hides for its equipment.

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The civilization of Mecca is believed to have started after Ibrahim left his son Isma?il and wife Hajar in the valley at Allah's command.

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Goods from Africa and the Far East passed through en route to Syria including spices, leather, medicine, cloth, and slaves; in return Mecca received money, weapons, cereals and wine, which in turn were distributed throughout Arabia.

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Mecca became the center of a loose confederation of client tribes, which included those of the Banu Tamim.

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Mecca was born into the faction of Banu Hashim in the ruling tribe of Quraysh.

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Mecca was declared the holiest site in Islam ordaining it as the center of Muslim pilgrimage, one of the faith's Five Pillars.

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Mecca attracted a year-round population of scholars, pious Muslims who wished to live close to the Kaaba, and local inhabitants who served the pilgrims.

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Mecca was never the capital of any of the Islamic states.

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Mecca re-entered Islamic political history during the Second Fitna, when it was held by Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr and the Zubayrids.

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In 930, Mecca was attacked and sacked by Qarmatians, a millenarian Shi'a Isma'ili Muslim sect led by Abu-Tahir Al-Jannabi and centered in eastern Arabia.

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One of the most famous travelers to Mecca in the 14th century was a Moroccan scholar and traveler, Ibn Battuta.

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Mecca is not served by any airport, due to concerns about the city's safety.

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Mecca has been the site of several incidents and failures of crowd control because of the large numbers of people who come to make the Hajj.

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Mecca holds an important place in Islam and is the holiest city in all branches of the religion.

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Mecca donated funds for the deepening of Zamzam Well and funded a massive construction project likely costing 1.

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The school system in Mecca has many public and private schools for both males and females.

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Mecca's culture has been affected by the large number of pilgrims that arrive annually, and thus boasts a rich cultural heritage.

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Mecca Province is the only province where expatriates outnumber Saudis.

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Mecca Gate, known popularly as the Quran Gate, on the western entrance of the city, or from Jeddah.

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Mecca is primarily served by King Abdulaziz International Airport in Jeddah for international and regional connections and Ta'if Regional Airport for regional connections.

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Mecca is served by four ring roads, and these are very crowded compared to the three ring roads of Medina.

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Mecca Metro, officially known as Makkah Mass Rail Transit, is a planned four-line metro system for the city.

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