14 Facts About Arianism


Arianism holds that the Son is distinct from the Father and therefore subordinate to him.

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Homoousianism was formally affirmed by the first two ecumenical councils; since then, Arianism has always been condemned as "the heresy or sect of Arius".

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Arianism is used to refer to other nontrinitarian theological systems of the 4th century, which regarded Jesus Christ—the Son of God, the Logos—as either a begotten creature of a similar or different substance to that of the Father, but not identical or as neither uncreated nor created in the sense other beings are created .

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Controversy over Arianism arose in the late 3rd century and persisted throughout most of the 4th century.

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Arianism taught that the Logos was a divine being begotten by God the Father before the creation of the world, made him a medium through whom everything else was created, and that the Son of God is subordinate to God the Father.

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Arianism had several different variants, including Eunomianism and Homoian Arianism.

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Homoian Arianism avoided the use of the word ousia to describe the relation of Father to Son, and described these as "like" each other.

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Under Arianism, Christ was instead not consubstantial with God the Father since both the Father and the Son under Arius were made of "like" essence or being but not of the same essence or being .

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Arianism's opponents argued that this would make Jesus less than God and that this was heretical.

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Ulfilas's translation of the Bible into Gothic language and his initial success in converting the Goths to Arianism was strengthened by later events; the conversion of Goths led to a widespread diffusion of Arianism among other Germanic tribes as well .

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In Western Europe, Arianism, which had been taught by Ulfilas, the Arian missionary to the Germanic tribes, was dominant among the Goths, Langobards and Vandals.

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Much of south-eastern Europe and central Europe, including many of the Goths and Vandals respectively, had embraced Arianism, which led to Arianism being a religious factor in various wars in the Roman Empire.

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Teachings of the first two ecumenical councils – which entirely reject Arianism – are held by the Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Oriental Orthodox Churches, the Assyrian Church of the East and most churches founded during the Reformation in the 16th century or influenced by it .

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Arianism teaches that Christ's existence is contingent on the Father, and that he is ontologically subordinate to the Father.

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