29 Facts About Ptolemaic Kingdom


Ptolemaic Kingdom was an Ancient Greek state based in Egypt during the Hellenistic Period.

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Ptolemaic Kingdom visited Memphis, and travelled to the oracle of Amun at the Siwa Oasis.

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Ptolemaic Kingdom had instead taken the opportunity to secure Coele-Syria and Palestine, in breach of the agreement assigning it to Seleucus, thereby setting the scene for the future Syrian Wars.

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Ptolemaic Kingdom abandoned his predecessors' policy of keeping out of the wars of the other Macedonian successor kingdoms, and plunged into the Third Syrian War with the Seleucid Empire of Syria, when his sister, Queen Berenice, and her son were murdered in a dynastic dispute.

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Ptolemaic Kingdom was said to have had every book unloaded in the Alexandria docks seized and copied, returning the copies to their owners and keeping the originals for the Library.

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Ptolemaic Kingdom's reign was inaugurated by the murder of his mother, and he was always under the influence of royal favourites, who controlled the government.

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Ptolemaic Kingdom married his sister Arsinoe, but was ruled by his mistress Agathoclea.

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Ptolemaic Kingdom proclaimed himself Pharaoh in 205 BC, and ruled upper Egypt until his death in 199 BC.

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Ptolemaic Kingdom was succeeded by his son Ankhmakis, whose forces nearly drove the Ptolemies out of the country.

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Ptolemaic Kingdom was succeeded by his infant son Ptolemy VI Philometor.

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Ptolemaic Kingdom was succeeded by Ptolemy XI Alexander II, the son of Ptolemy X Ptolemaic Kingdom was lynched by the Alexandrian mob after murdering his stepmother, who was his cousin, aunt and wife.

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Ptolemaic Kingdom died in 51 BC, leaving the kingdom to his ten-year-old son and seventeen-year-old daughter, Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator and Cleopatra VII, who reigned jointly as husband and wife.

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Ptolemaic Kingdom's reigned as queen "philopator" and pharaoh with various male co-regents from 51 to 30 BC.

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Ptolemaic Kingdom had paid vast sums of Egyptian wealth and resources in tribute to the Romans in order to regain and secure his throne following the rebellion and brief coup led by his older daughters, Tryphaena and Berenice IV.

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Ptolemaic Kingdom arrived in Alexandria and easily defeated Mark Antony's remaining forces outside the city.

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Ptolemaic Kingdom was taken by his remaining soldiers to Cleopatra, who had barricaded herself in her mausoleum, where he died soon after.

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Art found outside of Egypt itself, though within the Ptolemaic Kingdom, sometimes used Egyptian iconography as it had been used previously, and sometimes adapted it.

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Serapis was the patron god of Ptolemaic Kingdom Egypt, combining the Egyptian gods Apis and Osiris with the Greek deities Zeus, Hades, Asklepios, Dionysos, and Helios; he had powers over fertility, the sun, funerary rites, and medicine.

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Cleopatra VII, the last of the Ptolemaic Kingdom line, was often depicted with characteristics of the goddess Isis; she usually had either a small throne as her headdress or the more traditional sun disk between two horns.

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Common stele that appears during the Ptolemaic Kingdom Dynasty is the cippus, a type of religious object produced for the purpose of protecting individuals.

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Ptolemaic Kingdom Egypt was highly stratified in terms of both class and language.

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Ptolemaic Kingdom Egypt produced extensive series of coinage in gold, silver and bronze.

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Military of Ptolemaic Egypt is considered to have been one of the best of the Hellenistic period, benefiting from the kingdom's vast resources and its ability to adapt to changing circumstances.

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The multiethnic nature of the Ptolemaic Kingdom army was an official organizational principle: soldiers were evidently trained and utilized based on their national origin; Cretans generally served as archers, Libyans as heavy infantry, and Thracians as cavalry.

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Ptolemaic Kingdom was considered a major naval power in the eastern Mediterranean.

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The Ptolemaic navy protected the kingdom's lucrative maritime trade and engaged in antipiracy measures, including along the Nile.

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Notwithstanding an early crushing defeat at the Battle of Salamis in 306 BC, the Ptolemaic Kingdom navy became the dominant maritime force in the Aegean and eastern Mediterranean for the next several decades.

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Ptolemy II maintained his father's policy of making Egypt the preeminent naval power in the region; during his reign, the Ptolemaic Kingdom navy became the largest in the Hellenistic world and had some of the largest warships ever built in antiquity.

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Generally, the Greeks of Ptolemaic Kingdom Egypt felt like representatives of a higher civilization but were curious about the native culture of Egypt.

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