56 Facts About Aarhus


Aarhus is the second-largest city in Denmark and the seat of Aarhus municipality.

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The Viking Age was turbulent and violent, for Aros, as the town was called back then, but in spite of the difficulties, the bishopric of Aarhus grew steadily stronger and more prosperous, building several religious institutions in the town during the early Middle Ages.

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Trade continued to improve, although it was not until 1441 that Aarhus was granted Market town privileges, and the population of Aarhus remained relatively stable until the 19th century.

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Nevertheless, Aarhus grew to become the second biggest town in Denmark during that time, and in the middle of the 1700s, the once prosperous trade growth returned.

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In 1928, the first university in Jutland was founded in Aarhus and today it is a university city and the largest centre for trade, services, industry, and tourism in Jutland.

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Centre of Aarhus was originally a pagan burial site until Aarhus's first Christian church, Holy Trinity Church, a timber structure, was built upon it during the reign of Frode, King of Jutland, around 900.

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Aarhus became the largest provincial city in the country by the turn of the century and the city marketed itself as the "Capital of Jutland".

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The Port of Aarhus became a hub for supplies to the Baltics and Norway, while the surrounding rail network supplied the Atlantic Wall in west Jutland and cargo headed for Germany.

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The Samsing group, along with others in and around Aarhus, was dismantled in June 1944 when Grethe "Thora" Bartram turned her family and acquaintances over to German authorities.

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Since the turn of the millennium, Aarhus has seen an unprecedented building boom with many new institutions, infrastructure projects, city districts and recreational areas.

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The northern part dubbed Aarhus Ø is almost finished as of 2018, while the southern district dubbed Sydhavnskvarteret is only starting to be developed.

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Aarhus is located at the Bay of Aarhus facing the Kattegat sea in the east with the peninsulas of Mols and Helgenæs across the bay to the northeast.

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Aarhus was founded at the mouth of a brackish water fjord, but the original fjord no longer exists, as it has gradually narrowed into what is the Aarhus River and the Brabrand Lake, due to natural sedimentation.

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The land around Aarhus was once covered by forests, remains of which exist in parts of Marselisborg Forest to the south and Riis Skov to the north.

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The highest natural point in Aarhus Municipality is Jelshøj at 128 metres above sea level, in the southern district of Højbjerg.

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The coastal cliffs along the Bay of Aarhus consist of shallow tertiary clay from the Eocene and Oligocene .

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Aarhus has a temperate oceanic climate and the weather is constantly influenced by major weather systems from all four ordinal directions, resulting in unstable conditions throughout the year.

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Geography in the area affects the local climate of the city with the Aarhus Bay imposing a temperate effect on the low-lying valley floor where central Aarhus is located.

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Aarhus Municipality has 45 electoral wards and polling stations in four electoral districts for the Folketing .

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The diocese of Aarhus has four deaneries composed of 60 parishes within Aarhus municipality.

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Aarhus municipality contains 21 postal districts and some parts of another 9.

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Aarhus has increasingly been investing in environmental planning and, in accordance with national policy, aims to be -neutral and independent of fossil fuels for heating by 2030.

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In 2000, the first project, the New Forests of Aarhus, was completed, which aimed to double the forest cover in the municipality and, in 2009, another phase was announced to double forest cover once more before the year 2030.

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The population of Aarhus is both younger and better-educated than the national average which can be attributed to the high concentration of educational institutions.

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Economy of Aarhus is predominantly knowledge- and service-based, strongly influenced by the University of Aarhus and the large healthcare industry.

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Aarhus is a centre for retail in the Nordic and Baltic countries, with expansive shopping centres, the busiest commercial street in the country and a dense urban core with many speciality shops.

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Largest research park in Aarhus is INCUBA Science Park, focused on IT and biomedical research, It is based on Denmark's first research park, Forskerpark Aarhus, founded in 1986, which in 2007 merged with another research park to form INCUBA Science Park.

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In January 2017 Arla Foods will open the global innovation centre Arla Nativa in Agro Food Park and in 2018 Aarhus University is moving the Danish Centre for Food and Agriculture there as well.

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Aarhus has developed in stages, from the Viking Age to modern times, all visible in the city today.

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In recent years, Aarhus has experienced a large demand in housing and offices, spurring a construction boom in some parts of the city.

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Aarhus is home to many annual cultural events and festivals, museums, theatres, and sports events of both national and international importance, and presents some of the largest cultural attractions in Denmark.

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Since 1938, Aarhus has marketed itself as Smilets by which has become both an informal moniker and official slogan.

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In 1919, the number Sangen til Aarhus had become a popular hit for a time, but the oldest and perhaps best known "national anthem" for the city is the classical Aarhus Tappenstreg from 1872 by Carl Christian Møller which is occasionally played at official events or at performances by local marching bands and orchestras.

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Aarhus has a range of museums, including two of the largest in the country, measured by the number of paying guests, Den Gamle By and ARoS Aarhus Kunstmuseum.

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Apart from this large main library, some neighbourhoods in Aarhus have a local library engaged in similar cultural and educational activities, but on a more local scale.

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Aarhus Teater is the oldest and largest venue with mostly professional classical acting performances.

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The Memorial Park at the coast below Marselisborg Palace, offers a panoramic view across the Bay of Aarhus and is popular with locals for outings, picnics or events.

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Marienlyst Park is a relatively new park from 1988, situated in Hasle out of the inner city and is less crowded, but it is the largest park in Aarhus, including woodlands, large open grasslands and soccer fields.

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Aarhus has a large variety of restaurants and eateries offering food from cultures all over the world, especially Mediterranean and Asian, but international gourmet cuisine, traditional Danish food and New Nordic Cuisine.

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Restaurants in Aarhus were the first in provincial Denmark to receive Michelin stars since 2015, when Michelin inspectors ventured outside Copenhagen for the first time.

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Aarhus Bryghus is a local craft brewery with a sizeable production.

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In 2009, the University of Aarhus compiled a list of contemporary public figures who best exemplify the dialect, including Jacob Haugaard, Thomas Helmig, Steffen Brandt, Stig Tøfting, Flemming Jørgensen, Tina Dickow and Camilla Martin.

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Aarhus Idrætspark has hosted matches in the premiere Danish soccer league since it was formed in 1920 and matches for the national men's soccer team in 2006 and 2007.

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Aarhus has hosted many sporting events including the 2010 European Women's Handball Championship, the 2014 European Men's Handball Championship, the 2013 Men's European Volleyball Championships, the 2005 European Table Tennis Championships, the Denmark Open in badminton, the UCI Women's Road Cycling World Cup, the 2006 World Orienteering Championships, the 2006 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships and the GF World Cup .

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Aarhus is the principal centre for education in the Jutland region.

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Since 2012, Aarhus University has been the largest university in Denmark by number of students enrolled.

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Aarhus Tech is one of the largest technical colleges in Denmark, teaching undergraduate study programmes in English, including vocational education and training, continuing vocational training, and human resource development.

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Business Academy Aarhus is among the largest business academies in Denmark and offers undergraduate and some academic degrees, in IT, business and technical fields.

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Royal Academy of Music in Aarhus is a conservatoire, established under the auspices of the Danish Ministry of Culture in 1927.

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Aarhus has two ring roads; Ring 1, roughly encircling the central district of Aarhus C, and the outlying Ring 2.

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Aarhus Letbane is a local electric light rail or tram system that opened in December 2017, connecting the central station and the inner city with the University Hospital in Skejby and replaced local railway services to Grenaa and Odder in late 2018.

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Aarhus is home to Aarhus University Hospital, one of six Danish "Super Hospitals" officially established in 2007 when the regions reformed the Danish healthcare sector.

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Ciconia Aarhus Private Hospital founded in 1984 is a leading Danish fertility clinic and the first of its kind in Denmark.

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The daily newspaper of Jyllands-Posten was established in 1871 in Aarhus, and takes a generally right-wing editorial approach.

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Aarhus Onsdag is financed completely by advertisements and available in both paperform and online.

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Aarhus has its own local TV channel TVAarhus, transmitting since 1984.

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