15 Facts About Austrian Empire


Austrian Empire was a Central-Eastern European multinational great power from 1804 to 1867, created by proclamation out of the realms of the Habsburgs.

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Austrian Empire was proclaimed by Francis II in 1804 in response to Napoleon's declaration of the First French Austrian Empire, unifying all Habsburg possessions under one central government.

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Changes shaping the nature of the Holy Roman Austrian Empire took place during conferences in Rastatt and Regensburg .

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Austrian Empire did so because he foresaw either the end of the Holy Roman Empire, or the eventual accession as Holy Roman Emperor of Napoleon, who had earlier that year adopted the title of an Emperor of the French; Francis II eventually abandoned the title of German-Roman Emperor later in 1806.

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On 20 October 1805, an Austrian Empire army led by General Karl Mack von Leiberich was defeated by French armies near the town of Ulm.

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Austrian Empire's claims were later settled by the creation of the Kingdom of Hanover which was held by George IV and William IV as Kings of Hanover.

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Austrian Empire was known for his strong conservative views and approach in politics.

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The Austrian Empire was the main beneficiary from the Congress of Vienna and it established an alliance with Britain, Prussia, and Russia forming the Quadruple Alliance.

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The Austrian Empire gained new territories from the Congress of Vienna, and its influence expanded to the north through the German Confederation and into Italy.

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Austrian Empire employed the Carlsbad Decrees of 1819, which used strict censorship of education, press and speech to repress revolutionary and liberal concepts.

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The leadership of the Austrian Empire was transferred to a state council composed of Metternich, Francis I's brother Archduke Louis, and Count Franz Anton Kolowrat, who later became the first Minister-President of the Austrian Empire.

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From March 1848 through November 1849, the Austrian Empire was threatened by revolutionary movements, most of which were of a nationalist character.

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Austrian Empire later represented the Absolutist direction, which culminated in the concordat of August 1855 that gave the Roman Catholic Church control over education and family life.

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The Austrian Empire army was one of the most formidable forces the French had to face.

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The result was that the Austrian Empire was seen as one of the great powers after 1815, but as a reactionary force and an obstacle to national aspirations in Italy and Germany.

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